Home "Aug, 2020" to "Aug, 2021"

One year Current Affairs for UPSC/State PSCs 2021

UPSC, State PSCs or any other competitive exam, generally ask questions from last one year current affairs, keeping that in mind we have prepared this list of 193 most important current affairs topics.

This comprehensive list of all important current affairs from last one year contains current events related to ECONOMY, POLITY, ENVIRONMENT, SCIENCE & TECH, GEOGRAPHY, SOCIAL and CULTURE etc.

National Education Policy, 2020

India has had three National Education Policies to date. Parliament passed the first education policy in 1968 - on the suggestions of a 17-memb...

Jul 31, 2021

Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation (DICGC)

Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation (DICGC) was established on 15 July 1978 under the Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Cor...

Jul 31, 2021

International Financial Services Centres Authority (IFSCA)

The International Financial Services Centres Authority (IFSCA) released a framework for setting up and operating an international trade finance ser...

Jul 31, 2021

BharatNet : National Optical Fibre Network (NOFN)

As on July, 2021, a total number of 1,58,266 GPs (including Block Head Quarters) have been made Service Ready in the country. ...

Jul 29, 2021

National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) or Namami Gange Project

The National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG), that was conceived as a Rs 20,000 crore programme in 2014 to clean up the river has so far ...

Jul 28, 2021

Marine Aids to Navigation Bill 2021

Parliament passed the Marine Aids to Navigation Bill 2021, which aims to replace over 90-year-old Lighthouse Act 1927. It aims t...

Jul 28, 2021

De-Notified And Nomadic Tribes (Vimukta Jati)

In Feb, 2014, the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment had constituted National Commission for De-Notified and Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Tri...

Jul 28, 2021

Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY)

The indicative target for PMMVY was 51.70 lakh beneficiaries per annum, however, more than 64.35 lakhs beneficiaries were enrolled under PMMVY during ...

Jul 26, 2021

Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC)

The era before IBC had various scattered laws relating to insolvency and bankruptcy which caused inadequate and ineffective results with undue delays....

Jul 25, 2021

Avian influenza (Bird flu) - H5N1, H5N8, H1N1

Russia has reported the first case of bird flu virus being passed to humans, this strain of bird flu is named A(H5N8). A 12-year-o...

Jul 25, 2021

"Bad bank", "Asset Reconstruction Companies (ARCs)" and "Non Performing Assets (NPA)"

The "bad bank" was proposed in the Union Budget 2021, the proposed entity would take over stressed loans from banks to sell to alternative investme...

Jul 23, 2021

What is "Sagar Mala project" ?

The programme was approved by the cabinet in March 2015. The Sagarmala Programme is an initiative to enhance the performance ...

Jul 23, 2021

Anti-defection law - Tenth Schedule

What is Anti-defection law ? The Tenth Schedule of the Constitution or better known as the anti-defection law sought to preven...

Jul 22, 2021

UMANG App : Unified Mobile Application for New-age Governance

Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES), launched "National Weather Services" from India Meteorological Department (IMD) on the existing Unified M...

Jul 22, 2021

What are Gram Nyayalayas ?

A Gram Nyayalaya have jurisdiction over an area specified by a notification by the State Government in consultation with the respective High Court....

Jul 22, 2021

Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 (UAPA)

Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA) is aimed at prevention of unlawful activities associations in India. Unlawful acti...

Jul 15, 2021

What is lightning ? How lightning reach the Earth ?

As a whole, India sees 2,000-2,500 lightning deaths every year on average. Lightning is the biggest contributor to accidental deaths due to natural ca...

Jul 15, 2021

Authorised Economic Operators (AEO T2 and AEO T3)

Central Board of Indirect Taxes & Customs (CBIC) inaugurated the online filing of Authorised Economic Operators (AEO) T2 and T3 applications. ...

Jul 14, 2021

Types of orbits (Geosynchronous, Geostationary, Low Earth & Sun-synchronous etc)

An orbit is the curved path that an object in space (such as a star, planet, moon, asteroid or spacecraft) takes around another object due to gravi...

Jul 14, 2021

Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY)

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi digitally launched the Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY) on 10th September, 2020. T...

Jul 14, 2021

Zika virus (ZIKV) infection

Amid efforts to contain coronavirus disease (Covid-19), Kerala reported 13 cases of mosquito-borne Zika virus for the first time. Zika ...

Jul 14, 2021

What is "Forest Rights Act (FRA), 2006" ?

The Environment Ministry and Ministry of Tribal Affairs jointly issued a communique to Chief Secretaries of States to review the implementation of the...

Jul 09, 2021

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) or Global Goals are a collection of 17 interlinked global goals designed to be a "blueprint to achieve...

Jul 09, 2021

Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRS)

Union Ministery of Tribal Affairs laid foundation stone for construction 5 Eklavya Residential Model Schools (EMRS) in three districts of Jharkhand. ...

Jul 05, 2021

The National Nutrition Mission (Poshan Abhiyaan)

As per a review report of NITI Aayog - The National Nutrition Mission (Poshan Abhiyaan) must be stepped up in order to meet the targets set by the Cen...

Jul 04, 2021

United Nations Peace Keeping (UNPK)

The 193 member states of the UN have thus far failed to agree on a peacekeeping budget for the year beginning July 1, which could lead to "a freeze on...

Jul 02, 2021

Gaganyaan : India's human spaceflight programme

Gaganyaan mission was announcemen in August 2018 to send three Indians (including a woman) to space by 2022, the government approved fur...

Jul 02, 2021

Delimitation Commission appointed for J&K delimitation exercise

The J&K Delimitation Commission came into existence under provisions of Part V of the J&K Reorganization Act, 2019 and Delimitation Act, 200...

Jun 27, 2021

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)

National Security Advisor Ajit Doval has proposed an action plan against Pakistan-based terror groups Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) and Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM)...

Jun 26, 2021

India's Aircraft Carriers and Submarines

India's Aircraft Carriers India acquired its first aircraft carrier, INS Vikrant, from the United Kingdom in 1961, being the f...

Jun 26, 2021

What are "Neutrinos (Ghost Particles)" & "Quarks and Leptons" ?

Neutrinos (Ghost Particles) Scientists have shown that the geometry of space-time can cause neutrinos to oscillate. Neutrinos a...

Jun 21, 2021

The Cable Television Networks (Amendment) Rules, 2021

The Cable Television Networks (Amendment) Rules, 2021 provides for a three-level grievance redressal mechanism: 1) Self-regul...

Jun 20, 2021

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) The Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) was launched on 18 February 2016 by PM Modi in...

Jun 18, 2021

"Southern Ocean" - globe's fifth ocean

Historically, there are four named oceans: the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, and Arctic. The Southern Ocean is the 'newest' and fifth named ocean....

Jun 18, 2021

Hallmarking of Gold Jewellery : World Gold Council (WGS) and BIS

Earlier, Quality control order for mandatory hallmarking of Gold Jewellery/artefacts were issued by the Government on 15th Jan 2020, but the last date...

Jun 17, 2021

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

The 42nd Session of the FAO Conference was held virtually due to the Covid-19 pandemic. India is a founder member of the FAO and has played sig...

Jun 17, 2021

What is "Swamitva Yojana" ?

In a bid to revolutionise property record maintenance in India, PM Modi launched "Swamitva Yojana(स्वामित...

Jun 14, 2021

WTO and Developing Countries, S&DT, GSP

What is World Trade Organization (WTO) The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization dealing with the regulatio...

Jun 09, 2021

"One Nation, One Ration Card" system and 'Mera Ration' App

Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced the national rollout of a "One Nation, One Ration Card" system in all states and Union Ter...

Jun 09, 2021

United Nations Security Council (UNSC)

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations (UN), charged with ensuring international peace...

Jun 09, 2021

Financial Action Task Force (FATF)

Pakistan was put on the grey list by the Paris-based Financial Action Task Force (FATF) in June 2018 and the country has been struggling to come out o...

Jun 08, 2021

Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)

G C Murmu, who is India's Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG), has been appointed as external auditor of the Organisation for the P...

Jun 08, 2021

National Bamboo Mission (NBM)

A dedicated window The Green Gold Collection for Bamboo Goods (Bamboo based products & Quality Planting Materials) was launched by Natio...

Jun 05, 2021

What is China's "artificial sun" fusion reactor ?

China's Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST), which mimics the energy generation process of the sun, set a new record af...

Jun 05, 2021

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

As tensions with Russia simmer, thousands of NATO troops, several warships and dozens of aircraft are taking part in military exercises, dubbed Ste...

May 29, 2021

National Programme of Mid Day Meal in Schools (Midday Meal Scheme)

Mid Day Meal Scheme was started on 15th August 1995 under the name of National Programme of Nutritional Support to Primary Education (NP-NSP...

May 29, 2021

What is International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)

Fugitive diamantaire Mehul Choksi, who had recently fled from Antigua and Barbuda, was captured in neighbouring Dominica after an Interpol Yellow N...

May 28, 2021

National Digital Health Mission (NDHM) & UHI

National Digital Health Mission (NDHM) is launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on on 74th Independence Day. So far, nearly 11.9 lakh Health IDs ha...

May 28, 2021

MP Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS)

The standing committee on MP Local Area Development (MPLAD) funds of the Rajya Sabha asked the government to release funds for the projects sanctioned...

May 28, 2021

Indian Broadcasting and Digital Foundation (IBDF)

Indian Broadcasting and Digital Foundation (IBDF) The Indian Broadcasting Foundation (IBF), the apex body of broadcasters, is expanding it...

May 28, 2021

Information Technology (Guidelines for Intermediaries and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules, 2021

The Centre on February 25 notified The Information Technology (Guidelines for Intermediaries and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules, 2021 ...

May 26, 2021

What are "Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGBs)" ?

The RBI has announced a plan to sell the Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGBs) 2021-22 in six phases until September 3, 2021. There's a discount of Rs...

May 21, 2021

United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC)

The United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) is a Geneva, Switzerland based UN body to promote and protect human rights around the world. ...

May 21, 2021

National Beekeeping & Honey Mission (NBHM)

On the occasion of World Bee Day (20 May), Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Minister inaugurated the project to establish a regional honey qual...

May 21, 2021

Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana - National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM)

Aajeevika - National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) was launched by the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD), GoI in June 2011, as a r...

May 21, 2021

Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY)

The Central government has approved setting up 22 new All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) so far under Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Sura...

May 21, 2021

The International Solar Alliance (ISA)

India and France were re-elected as president and co-president of the International Solar Alliance (ISA) for a term of two years at its third a...

May 19, 2021

The National Food Security Act 2013

The National Food Security Act 2013 aims to provide subsidized food grains to approximately two thirds of India's people. It in...

May 19, 2021

Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana (PMGK-AY)

Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana (PMGKAY) has been announced by the Government of India to ameliorate the hardship faced by the poor due to eco...

May 19, 2021

What is "National Jal Jeevan Mission (NJJM)" ?

Jal Jeevan Mission, is envisioned to provide safe and adequate drinking water through individual household tap connections by 2024 to al...

May 17, 2021

Nutrient Based Subsidy Scheme (NBS)

Government is making available fertilizers, namely Urea and 22 grades of Phosphatic & Potassic (P&K) fertilizers including Di-ammonium Phosp...

May 17, 2021

Israeli-Palestinian conflict (Jerusalem, Gaza, and West Bank)

The Israeli-Palestinian conflict began in the mid-20th century amidst the greater political tension, military conflicts and disputes between Ar...

May 12, 2021

Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA), 2010

The September, 2020 amendments to the Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA), that among others made it compulsory for NGOs to open a bank acco...

May 12, 2021

Pradhan Mantri Van Dhan Yojana (PM-VDY) and TRIFED

Manipur has emerged as the Champion state where the Van Dhan programme has emerged as a major source of employment for the local tribals...

May 08, 2021

European Investment Bank (EIB)

The Government of India (GoI) and European Investment Bank (EIB) signed the finance contract for second tranche of Euro 150 million for Pune...

May 08, 2021

United Nations Refugee Convention of 1951 : UNHCR

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) is a UN agency mandated to ...

May 07, 2021

Ebola : symptoms, transmission, prevention and treatment

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) officially declared the end of the 12th Ebola outbreak, which killed six people. Another outbreak in the we...

May 07, 2021

Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana (PMGKY)

Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana (PMGKY) was launched in 2016, it allows individuals to deposit money that has not been taxed. ...

May 05, 2021

Price Monitoring & Resource Unit (PMRU)

NPPA, under its Central Sector Scheme named Consumer Awareness, Publicity and Price Monitoring (CAPPM), has already set up of PMRUs ...

May 04, 2021

Drugs regulation in India : "Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940" and "Drugs Control Act, 1950"

Amid, shortage of oxygen, non-availablity of Remdesivir, Tocilizumab injections, and hospital beds in the country - the Bombay High Court asked the Ce...

May 04, 2021

Codex Committee on Spices and Culinary Herbs (CCSCH)

Recently, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) inaugurated the f...

May 04, 2021

Net-zero or carbon-neutrality

US is widely expected to commit itself to a net-zero emission target for 2050 at the upcoming virtual Climate Leaders' Summit. UK and ...

May 01, 2021

Aditya-L1 : Mission to study the Sun

Aditya or Aditya-L1 is a spacecraft mission to study the Sun. It has been designed and will be built in collaboration between the Indian Spa...

May 01, 2021

HAL Tejas aircraft : Light Combat Supersonic Fighter

The HAL Tejas is an Indian single-seat, single-engine, fourth-generation, multirole light fighter aircraft designed by the Aeronautical Deve...

May 01, 2021

ISRO Launch Vehicles - (ASLV, PSLV & GSLV)

Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle (ASLV) The Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle or Advanced Satellite Launch Vehicle, also known a...

May 01, 2021

The Disaster Management Act, 2005

Invoking the Disaster Management Act, the Centre ordered States that all liquid oxygen, including the existing stock with private plants shall be made...

Apr 28, 2021

Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) or NavIC

Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) or NavIC The IRNSS or NavIC is an independent regional navigation satellite syste...

Apr 27, 2021

Chandrayaan 1,2,3 (Indian Lunar Exploration Mission)

The Chandrayaan programme (Indian Lunar Exploration Programme) is an ongoing series of outer space missions by the Indian Space Research Organisation ...

Apr 27, 2021

Mangalyaan - 1, 2 : Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM)

Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) planned to launch Mangalyaan - 2 mission by 2025. Mangalyaan-2, the second mission to ...

Apr 26, 2021

Living Planet Report 2020 (Living Planet index (LPI)) : WWF

World Wildlife Fund (WWF) released the Living Planet Report 2020 (LPR) along with the Living Planet index (LPI). T...

Apr 25, 2021

NASA's Perseverance rover and Ingenuity helicopter

NASA's Perseverance rover Launched on July of 2020, after sailed through space for nearly seven months, covering 472 million km, NA...

Apr 24, 2021

UNICEF (United Nations Children's Fund)

UNICEF and the Geena Davis Institute released a report on Gender in Media (GDI) titled Gender Bias and Inclusion In Advertisin...

Apr 24, 2021

What is "The World Press Freedom Index - 2021" ?

India is ranked 142nd (unchanged from 142 in 2020) out of 180 countries in the annual "World Press Freedom Index 2021" released by Repor...

Apr 23, 2021

What is "South China Sea dispute" ?

According to People's Liberation Army (PLA) of China, they have used ships and aircraft to "track, monitor, verify, identify and expel" a U.S. warship...

Apr 23, 2021

State of the Global Climate 2020 : World Meteorological Organization (WMO)

State of the Global Climate 2020 The State of the Global Climate report is published annually by World Meteorological Organization (WMO...

Apr 23, 2021

Global Carbon Project (GCP) - Global Carbon Budget

GCP researchers say fossil-fuel CO2 emissions fell by 7 per cent last year, with the pandemic-lockdowns across nations. The Global Carb...

Apr 23, 2021

National Centre of Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR)

The National Centre of Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR) found the largest decline in the Arctic Sea ice in the last 41 years due to global warm...

Apr 23, 2021

Paris Agreement on Climate Change (COP 21) : UNFCCC

Paris Agreement on Climate Change (COP 21) : UNFCCC Paris Agreement is a legally binding international treaty on climate change whi...

Apr 23, 2021

NIXI initiatives regarding IPv6 adoption in India

The National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI), announced three new initiatives aimed at raising awareness of the IPv6 protocol in India. ...

Apr 19, 2021

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) - Emissions Gap Report 2020, Adaptation Gap Report 2020

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) UNEP was established after the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in Stockhol...

Apr 19, 2021

Decriminalization of Section 377 : Judgement and History

Why in news ? The Delhi High Court granted a last opportunity to the Centre and the Delhi government to respond to three separate pleas, i...

Apr 18, 2021

What are "Institutions of Eminence" ?

The University Grants Commission (UGC) has amended its regulations, allowing Institutions of Eminence (IoEs) to set up campuses abroad after receiving...

Apr 18, 2021

State of World Population Report 2021 - UNFPA

United Nations Population Fund's (UNFPA) launched its flagship State of World Population Report 2021 with title My Body is My Own....

Apr 16, 2021

FASTag (an electronic toll collection system) in India

FASTag is a sticker or a tag usually pasted on the windscreen of the car. The device uses Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology to c...

Apr 16, 2021

Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)

The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is a China led mega trade bloc comprising 15 countries, it consists of the...

Apr 16, 2021

The Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN)

The Centre Government said it has transferred over Rs 1.15 lakh crore directly to bank accounts of more than 10.75 crore farmers under t...

Apr 15, 2021

Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960

Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 was enacted to prevent and punish the inflict...

Apr 15, 2021

What is Open Skies Treaty (OST) ?

What is Open Skies Treaty (OST) ? The Open Skies Treaty (OST) was first proposed in 1955 by former US President Dwight Eisenhower as a mean...

Apr 14, 2021

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY 3.0)

PMKVY 3.0 The third phase of the government's flagship skilling scheme Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY 3.0) was lauched in J...

Apr 14, 2021

Electronically Transmitted Postal Ballot System (ETPBS)

Electronically Transmitted Postal Ballot System (ETPBS) Under ETPBS, postal ballot is send electronically to a service voter. The service...

Apr 13, 2021

What are electoral bonds ?

The Supreme Court has agreed to urgently hear a plea by NGO who claims that - The sale of electoral bonds may become an avenue for shell corporatio...

Apr 12, 2021

National Register of Citizens (NRC) for Assam and Assam Accord 1985

Following widespread protests against the Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019, Ministry of Home Affairs appointed a 14-member committee, headed by ...

Apr 12, 2021

CSIR-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (CSIR-NEERI)

CSIR has divested Rakesh Kumar, Director, NEERI of his post after the ...

Apr 12, 2021

Places of Worship (Special Provisions) Act, 1991

What is Places of Worship (Special Provisions) Act, 1991 ? The act was brought in by the P V Narasimha Rao-led Congress government during th...

Apr 11, 2021

All India Financial Institutions (NABARD, Exim Bank, SIDBI and NHB)

To help mitigate the impact of COVID, RBI would extend fresh support of Rs 50,000 crore to the All India Financial Institutions. There are four All I...

Apr 10, 2021

New Development Bank (NDB)

Speaking in the sixth annual meeting of the NDB, Finance Minister Sitharaman urged the bank to consider working closely with India's new development f...

Apr 08, 2021

Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA)

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), popular as the Iranian nuclear deal, was one of the key foreign policy achievements of the Obam...

Apr 07, 2021

National Health Policy for Rare Diseases

The Delhi High Court asked the Centre to finalise and notify the National Health Policy for Rare Diseases and directed to setup a National C...

Apr 07, 2021

World Economic Forum : Global Gender Gap Report 2021

The WEF was founded in 1971 by Klaus Schwab, a business professor at the University of Geneva. It is a Switzerland based international NGO...

Apr 07, 2021

Stand-Up India Scheme

Five years after the Stand Up India scheme was launched, banks have sanctioned more than Rs 25,000 crore to over 1.14 lakh accounts. Th...

Apr 07, 2021

Emergency Credit Line Guarantee Scheme (ECLGS)

In May 2020, the Union Cabinet had approved additional funding of up to Rs 3 lakh crore at a concessional rate of 9.25 per cent through the Eme...

Apr 03, 2021

The Goods and Services Tax (Compensation to States) Bill, 2017

The Goods and Service Tax Act was passed in the Parliament on 29th March 2017 and came into effect on 1st July 2017 to replaced many ind...

Mar 26, 2021

Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) and Voter-Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT)

Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) was invented by MB Haneefa in 1980 and was first used in 1982 in th...

Mar 23, 2021

What is a "Lithium-ion battery" ?

India's first Lithium refinery which will process Lithium ore to produce battery-grade material will be set up in Gujarat. ...

Mar 22, 2021

International Energy Agency (IEA)

The World Energy Outlook is released by the International Energy Agency (IEA) annually, the report is considered as the most authoritative sour...

Mar 16, 2021

Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana - Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Yojana

Sukanya Samriddhi Yojna is a small deposit scheme for girl child, launched by PM Modi on 22nd January 2015 in Panipat, Haryana as a part...

Mar 16, 2021

What is "Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (QUAD)" ?

What is QUAD ? The idea of Quad was first mooted by Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe in 2007. In November 2017...

Mar 14, 2021

Petrol refuelling stations major source of benzene emissions and PM 2.5

Petroleum And Explosives Safety Organisation (PESO) PESO administers Explosives Act 1884, Explosive Substance Act, Petroleum (Productio...

Mar 14, 2021

Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C or ICCCC) and CERT-In

The Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C or ICCCC) is a government initiative to deal with Cybercrime in India, in a coordinated and eff...

Mar 13, 2021

National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP)

The Centre must increase the "meagre" pensions provided for poor senior citizens, widows and disabled people - the Parliamentary Standing Committee on...

Mar 12, 2021

Afghanistan, Taliban and Biden's Afghanistan peace plan

USA has proposed a UN-led conference of representatives of Russia, China, Pakistan, Iran, India and the U.S. to discuss a unified approach to s...

Mar 12, 2021

What is The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 ?

The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019, amended the "Citizenship Act of 1955" to grant citizenship to religiously persecuted people of 6 mino...

Mar 11, 2021

Sub-categorisation of OBCs: G Rohini Commission

The tenure of The Commission to Examine Sub-categorisation of Other Backward Classes (OBCs) is extended until July 31, 2021. The commission was...

Mar 11, 2021

Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)

The Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA), headquartered in The Hague, Netherlands is an intergovernmental organization established by a treaty ...

Mar 11, 2021

India China border Important Locations

The Indian-China border dispute is an ongoing territorial dispute over the sovereignty of two relatively large, and several smaller, separated ...

Mar 10, 2021

Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY)

Ayushman Bharat - Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY), launched in 2018 is a centrally sponsored scheme to address health issues...

Mar 09, 2021

India Energy Forum by CERAWeek

India Energy Forum India Energy Forum is an Indian Organization which represents the energy sector as a whole. The theme of this ed...

Mar 07, 2021

Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) 2021

Published annually since 2005, the Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) is an independent monitoring tool for tracking the climate protectio...

Mar 05, 2021

Relation between "NPR, NRC, CAA and Census 2021"

The Registrar-General of India (RGI) is preparing to conduct field trials of the first phase of the Census and the National Population Register (NPR) ...

Mar 04, 2021

What is Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) ?

The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), opened in January 2016, is a new multilateral development bank that that provides finan...

Mar 01, 2021

Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002 (PMLA)

Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA), was enacted in 2002 to prevent and control money-laundering and to confiscate and seize any prope...

Mar 01, 2021

Atal Innovation Mission (AIM): ATLs, AICs, MOCP, ACIC and ARISE

Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) is Government of India's flagship initiative established under NITI Aayog to promote a culture of innovation a...

Mar 01, 2021

What are H1B, L-1A, L-1B, H-2B and J-1 Visas ?

The Biden administration revoked Trump's suspension of new immigrant visas which had been in effect since April 2020. Biden however di...

Feb 27, 2021

Who are the Uighurs and what is happening with them ?

What's the issue ? Since 2015, it has been estimated that over a million Uyghurs have been detained in internment camps established...

Feb 26, 2021

National Urban Digital Mission, SmartCode and Urban Data Exchange(IUDX)

National Urban Digital Mission The Housing and Urban Affairs Ministry (MoHUA) launched National Urban Digital Mission to create a dig...

Feb 26, 2021

Right to Information Act, 2005

The Right to Information Act was passed on 15 June 2005 and came into force on 12 October 2005, it replaced the former Freedom of Information A...

Feb 24, 2021

Japanese Encephalitis Virus (JEV) and Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES)

Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) also called chamki bukhar, is a very complex syndrome and it ca...

Feb 24, 2021

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), headquartered in Vienna (Austria), is an international organization that seeks to promote the ...

Feb 23, 2021

'One Nation One Standard', 'Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS)' and FSSAI

While reviewing the work of Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) the Food and Consumer Affairs Minister Piyush Goyal stressed on the need fo...

Feb 23, 2021

Export Import Bank of India (EXIM Bank)

EXIM Bank was founded in 1982 under the Export-Import Bank of India Act 1981. It is headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra and is a who...

Feb 23, 2021

One Rank One Pension (OROP)

One Rank One Pension (OROP) OROP means the payment of the same pension to military officers for the same rank for the same length of se...

Feb 23, 2021

"Participatory-Notes" and "Foreign portfolio investment (FPI)"

Participatory Notes or P-Notes A participatory note, commonly known as a P-notes, is an instrument issued by a registered foreign portfoli...

Feb 23, 2021

Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP)

Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP) Integrated Guided Missile Development Program was conceived by Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kala...

Feb 23, 2021

Defence Acquisition Procedure (DAP) - 2020

Defence Minister Mr Rajnath Singh unveiled the Defence Acquisition Procedure (DAP) 2020 in New Delhi. A review committee was constituted in Aug...

Feb 19, 2021

Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT)

Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT), Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, was launched by Prime Minister Narendra ...

Feb 18, 2021

National Coal Index (NCI) and Commercial coal mining

In May 2020, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs approved a mechanism for commercial coal and lignite mine to be auctioned based on th...

Feb 17, 2021

Arjun Main Battle Tank MK-1A

PM Modi handed over the indigenously developed Arjun Main Battle Tank (MK-1A) to the Indian Army at a ceremony in Chennai. The ...

Feb 17, 2021

Longitudinal Ageing Study in India (LASI)

Longitudinal Ageing Study in India (LASI) is a full scale national survey of scientific investigation of the health, economic, and social de...

Feb 17, 2021

Soil Health Card Scheme

The Union Minister for Agriculture & Farmers' Welfare, Rural Development & Panchayati Raj tnaugurating the National Workshop on Soil Health ...

Feb 16, 2021

India-China border standoff 2020-21

Troops from both sides have started disengaging from the Pangong Tso area in eastern Ladakh, the disengagement process seems restricted to the north a...

Feb 12, 2021

Urban local bodies reforms

Goa has become the 6th State in the country to successfully undertake Urban Local Bodies (ULB) reforms, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Prades...

Feb 12, 2021

Pradhan Mantri Urja Ganga project

PM Modi dedicated to the nation several infrastructure projects in the oil and gas sector in West Bengal's Haldia. It includes the ambitious 348-km...

Feb 10, 2021

What is geothermal energy ?

Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) is all set to setup India's first Geothermal Field Development Project in Ladakh. ...

Feb 09, 2021

One District One Product Scheme (ODOP)

One District One Product (ODOP) is an initiative to convert each District of the country into an Export Hub, by: 1) ...

Feb 08, 2021

National Agriculture Market (eNAM)

Modi government has targeted to double farmer's income by 2022, but most farmers in the country are unable to reap the benefits of their hard l...

Feb 07, 2021

What is Employees' Provident Fund (EPF) Scheme ?

The EPFO had created a special withdrawal window for EPF subscribers on March 28 as a part of the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana. Using the same p...

Feb 07, 2021

97.50% of registered parties are unrecognised - ADR

According to the Association For Democratic Reforms (ADR) - The contribution reports of only 3.39% registered unrecognised political parties ar...

Feb 06, 2021

Integrating more countries in "Coastal Radar Chain Network"

In a bid to further expand the coastal radar chain network, efforts are in advanced stages to set up coastal radar stations in Maldives, Mya...

Feb 02, 2021

Human Development Index 2020: UNDP

India dropped two ranks in the UN's Human Development Index 2019, standing at 131 out of 189 countries, according to the Human...

Feb 02, 2021

NITI Aayog's megacity plan for Little Andaman

NITI Aayog presented a document "Sustainable Development of Little Andaman Island - Vision Document", to leverage the strategic location and na...

Feb 01, 2021

Skill India undertakes Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)

In a bid to promote local governance for implementation of skill development programmes, Skill India undertakes Recognition of Prior Learnin...

Feb 01, 2021

World Health Organization (WHO)

If 2020 was the year of discovery of COVID-19 vaccines, 2021 will be the year India faces the challenge of getting them to people across the world who...

Jan 30, 2021

Honey FPO(Farmer Producer Organization) Programme by NAFED

The Honey FPO (Farmer Producer Organization) Programme of National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation of India Limited (NAFED)...

Nov 30, 2020

Russia's Sputnik V vaccine

Sputnik V vaccine has been developed by Russia's Gamaleya Research Institute and piloted by the Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF), t...

Nov 27, 2020

The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019

Why in news ? In a bid to do away with visits to government office, the Social Justice and Empowerment Ministry on Wednesday launch...

Nov 26, 2020

National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF)

Why in news ? The Union Cabinet approved equity infusion of ₹6,000 crore in NIIF Debt Platform sponsored by National I...

Nov 26, 2020

Oxford-AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine

Serum Institute of India said the Oxford-AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine (ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 and also known as AZD1222) should be available for healt...

Nov 20, 2020

MAKE-II - Make In India Defence Production

Make-II guidelines will greatly help import substitution and promote innovative solutions. This simplified "Make-II" procedure will ame...

Nov 18, 2020

Lancet Commission on Diabetes warns of damaging effects of Coronavirus 2

A Lancet Commission on Diabetes, warns, with evidence, of possible damaging effects of coronavirus 2 on the pancreatic islets and...

Nov 16, 2020

"General Consent" to CBI: what this means ?

The Punjab government has withdrawn the general consent given to the Central Bureau of Investigation for investigating cases in the State. Punjab is t...

Nov 10, 2020

Pauses and reversals of infant mortality decline in India in 2017 and 2018

According to a study titled "Pauses and reversals of infant mortality decline in India in 2017 and 2018" - according to the Sample Registration Sys...

Nov 10, 2020

Western Ghats Ecologically Sensitive Area (ESA)

The Western Ghats, also known as Sahyadri, is a mountain range traversing the states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra and Gujarat...

Nov 08, 2020

What are the new Agricultural Reform Bills ?

Three farm bills - The Farmers' Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill, 2020, The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreem...

Nov 06, 2020

India Energy Forum by CERAWeek

Speaking at the India Energy Forum by CERAWeek, PM Modi said India is likely to see energy consumption double over the long term. ...

Oct 26, 2020

India's first "saviour sibling" experiment

A one-year-old sibling named Kavya has saved her 6 year old brother Abhijeet's life by donating her bone marrow, Abhijeet was suffering from ...

Oct 16, 2020

What is a TRP (Target Rating Point) ?

The Mumbai police claimed that they are looking into a scam about manipulation of TRPs by rigging the devices used by the Broadcast Audience Research ...

Oct 09, 2020

Greater Male Connectivity Project (GMCP)

India has committed to Maldives a financial package consisting of a grant of 100 million USD and new line of credit of 400 million USD. ...

Aug 23, 2020

Sri Lanka to Draft a New Constitution

The Sri Lankan President Gotabaya Rajapaksa (elected in 2019) said that Sri Lanka will draft a new Constitution and abolish the 19th ...

Aug 23, 2020

Student Entrepreneurship Programme 2.0: Atal Innovation Mission

Atal Innovation Mission has launched the second edition of its Student Entrepreneurship Programme (SEP 2.0) in collaboration with Del...

Aug 17, 2020

Russian Covid Vaccine: Sputnik V

Russia became the first country to officially register a Covid-19 vaccine and declare it ready for use. The vaccine is named "Sputnik V" after ...

Aug 17, 2020

SalivaDirect : Covid-19 Test

USA Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has authorised a new saliva-based rapid laboratory diagnostic test for Covid-19, called ...

Aug 17, 2020

Whta Is "Fly Ash" ?

National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) has developed an infrastructure to transport fly ash from power plants in bulk to cement plants...

Aug 17, 2020

RTI on PM-CARES Fund

Prime Minister's Office (PMO) denied information on the number of applications and appeals related to PM-CARES and the Prime Minister...

Aug 17, 2020

Naval Innovation and Indigenisation Organisation (NIIO)

In a bid to foster innovation and indigenisation for self-reliance in defence, the Defence Minister of India has launched Naval Innovati...

Aug 16, 2020

Transparent Taxation platform

In a bid to benefiting honest taxpayers, PM Narendra Modi launched the platform for 'Transparent Taxation - Honoring the Honest'. The platform ...

Aug 16, 2020

Solar power in India

Ministry of New and Renewable Energy has received proposals from various players for over 10 gigawatts (GW) of fresh solar equipment man...

Aug 16, 2020

Mega Covid Testing Lab by CSIR

The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) is working on developing mega labs to speed up testing as well as improve th...

Aug 16, 2020

Dwarf planet "Ceres" has salty water underground - Dawn spacecraft

The data collected by NASA's Dawn spacecraft revealed that the dwarf planet "Ceres" reportedly has "salty water underground". ...

Aug 16, 2020

The hornbills (Bucerotidae)

Satellite data has indicated a high rate of deforestation in major hornbill habitats "Papum Reserve Forest (RF)" in Arunachal Pradesh an...

Aug 16, 2020

What is "Budapest Convention" ?

Budapest Convention, also known as the Council of Europe's (CoE) Cybercrime Convention (CETS No.185) was open for signature in 2001 and came in...

Aug 13, 2020

What is "Contract Farming" ?

Contract farming is a pre-harvest agreement between buyers (food processing units, exporters etc), and producers (farmers, farmer organisations...

Aug 13, 2020

Global Migration Report 2020

Global Migration Report 2020 has been released by International Organisation for Migration's (IOM). As per the report, India ...

Aug 13, 2020

India-Japan 2+2 Ministerial Meeting

Defence Minister and Foreign Affairs Minister of India and Japan met in New Delhi on 30 November 2019 for the first India-Japan 2...

Aug 13, 2020