Home "May 27, 2021" to "May 27, 2022"

One year Current Affairs: "May 27, 2021" to "May 27, 2022"

UPSC, State PSCs or any other competitive exam, generally ask questions from last one year current affairs, keeping that in mind we have prepared this list of 225 most important current affairs topics.

This comprehensive list of all important current affairs from last one year contains current events related to ECONOMY, POLITY, ENVIRONMENT, SCIENCE & TECH, GEOGRAPHY, SOCIAL and CULTURE etc.

Last one year current affairs for UPSC, IAS/PCS, Banking, IBPS, SSC, Railway, UPPSC, RPSC, BPSC, MPPSC, TNPSC, MPSC, KPSC and other competition exams

India State of Forest Report 2021 (UP Special)

Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) released the India State of Forest Report 2021 prepared by the Forest Survey of India (F ...

May 25, 2022

Highlights of "Economic Survey 2021-22"

Economic Survey 2021-22 was tabled in Parliament by the Finance Minister soon after the Presidents address to both Houses of Parliament. The central ...

May 25, 2022

Highlights of Union Budget 2022-23

Union Finance Minister, Nirmala Sitharaman is presenting the Union Budget 2022 for the 4th time in a row. She will be presenting the financial state ...

May 25, 2022

Avian influenza (Bird flu) - H5N1, H5N8, H1N1

In April, 2022 Chinas National Health Commission (NHC) announced that a four-year-old boy was found to have been infected with the H3N8 variant of Bir ...

May 21, 2022

NASA's Perseverance rover and Ingenuity helicopter

Perseverance Rover has captured a solar eclipse on Mars. Mars has two small moons, Phobos and Deimos, that may be captured asteroids. Perseverance ro ...

May 21, 2022

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)

Maharashtra is the latest state to threaten to withdraw from the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bhima Yogna (PMFBY) if the changes suggested by it were not take ...

May 21, 2022

What is "UDAN (Ude Desh ka Aam Naagrik)" scheme ?

UDAN (UdeDeshkaAamNagrik) Scheme has been selected for Prime Ministers Award for Excellence in Public Administration 2020 under the category Innovatio ...

May 21, 2022

United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)

The UN Charter established ECOSOC in 1945 as one of the six main organs of the United Nations. It is at the heart of the United Nations system to ad ...

May 21, 2022

National Agriculture Market (eNAM)

Recently, e-NAM marks the sixth anniversary of the National Agriculture Market (e-NAM), a pan-India electronic trade network. A total of 1000 mandis ...

May 21, 2022

ISRO Launch Vehicles - (ASLV, PSLV & GSLV)

In 2021, a high-level panel was established to examine the failed GSLV-F10/EOS-03 mission and recommended measures for making the Cryogenic Upper Stag ...

May 21, 2022

Uttar Pradesh Budget, 2021-22

On February 22, 2021, Uttar Pradesh Finance Minister Suresh Kumar Khanna presented the budget for the financial year 2021-22 in the Assembly. The siz ...

May 21, 2022

Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA), 2010

SC upheld the constitutional validity of the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Amendment Act (FCRA), 2020. It held that receiving foreign donations c ...

May 22, 2022

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005 (MGNREGA)

Ministry of Rural Development has notified fresh wage rates under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) for financial year ...

May 22, 2022

What is the "Nipah Virus (NiV)" ?

Scientists at Punes ICMR – National Institute of Virology were able to detect the presence of IgG antibodies against Nipah virus infection (NiV) in 51 ...

May 22, 2022

De-Notified And Nomadic Tribes (Vimukta Jati)

The standing committee of Parliament has criticised the functioning of the development programme for de-notified, nomadic and semi-nomadic tribes. Th ...

May 22, 2022

IPCC: Sixth Assessment Report (Part I, II & III)

The UNs climate science body, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) published the third part of its Sixth Assessment Report (AR6). The ...

May 22, 2022

The International Solar Alliance (ISA)

The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) has granted Observer Status to International Solar Alliance (ISA) Nepal became the 105th member country to ...

May 22, 2022

Stand-Up India Scheme

Under the Stand-Up India Scheme, over 30,160 crore rupees have been sanctioned to more than 1 lakh 33 thousand 995 accounts since the launch of the Sc ...

May 22, 2022

State of World Population Report 2022 - UNFPA

The United Nations Population Funds (UNFPA) flagship State of World Population Report 2022 titled Seeing the Unseen: The case for action in the neglec ...

May 22, 2022

National Innovation Foundation (NIF)

The National Innovation Foundation (NIF) brought out a Herbal Formulation that has been found to be effective in combating tick infestation among dair ...

May 22, 2022

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) or Washington Treaty, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 30 European (28) and North Ameri ...

May 22, 2022

What is the Artemis program of NASA ?

Humans have not left Earth orbit since Apollo 17 returned from the Moon in 1972. NASA is now planning to send astronauts to the lunar south pole by ...

May 22, 2022

National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA)

The pharma lobby is asking for at least a 10% increase for scheduled drugs too than going by the WPI. National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA ...

Mar 23, 2022

Solar power in India - Capacity & Targets

India added a record 10 Gigawatt (GW) of solar energy to its cumulative installed capacity in 2021. This has been the highest 12-month capacity addi ...

Mar 20, 2022

Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 (UAPA)

A Delhi court granted bail to Ishrat Jahan despite the prosecution arguing that there were limitations contained in Section 43D(5) of the UAPA, a prov ...

May 22, 2022

Chemical Weapons Convention & Biological Weapons Convention

US President Joe Biden vowed that Russia would pay a severe price if it used chemical weapons in Ukraine. On the other hand, Russia claims that the U. ...

May 24, 2022

UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

UNESCO has bolstered protective measures to preserve Ukraine’s endangered cultural heritage in light of Russia’s invasion of its neighbour. To avoid ...

May 24, 2022

International Space Station (ISS)

Western sanctions against Russia could cause the ISS to crash - the head of Russian space agency Roscosmos. The Russian segment of the station ensure ...

May 24, 2022

The Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act, 2013

The Lokpal has failed to provide prosecution sanction to public servants charged with corruption since its constitution nearly three years ago in 2011 ...

May 24, 2022

Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maan-dhan (PM-SYM)

PM Shram Yogi Maan-Dhan Scheme (PM-SYM) was announced in the Interim Budget-2019 and implemented from February 15, 2019 by the Ministry of Labour and ...

May 24, 2022

NSE IFSC & IFSCA at Gujarat International Finance Tec-City (GIFT)

NSE IFSC, a subsidiary of the National Stock Exchange (NSE), introduced a facility by which Indian retail investors can directly trade in stocks that ...

May 24, 2022

"Participatory-Notes" and "Foreign portfolio investment (FPI)"

According to SEBI data, the value of Participatory-Note (P-Notes) investments in Indian markets have declined in Jan 2022 in comparison to Dec 2021. ...

May 24, 2022

Financial Action Task Force (FATF)

The global money laundering and terrorist financing watchdog FATF has retained Pakistan on its terrorism financing grey list. Pakistan has been on th ...

May 24, 2022

Crisis in Ukraine's "Donbas" region & Minsk agreements I and II

Russian President Vladimir Putins decision to recognise the self-declared Donetsk and Luhansk republics practically brought the Minsk peace process to ...

May 24, 2022

India-Pakistan Indus Waters Treaty (IWT)

The 117th meeting of the Permanent Indus Commission (PIC) comprising Indus commissioners of India and Pakistan, held from March 1-3, 2022 in Islamab ...

May 24, 2022

United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC)

India abstained on a vote at the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva as the Council decided to set up an international commission of enquiry into Russia ...

May 24, 2022

The "Konark Sun Temple", Odisha

Konark is going to be the first model town in Odisha to shift from grid dependency to green energy. In May 2020, the Ministry of New and Renewable En ...

May 24, 2022

Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI)

Madhabi Puri Buch, former whole-time member of the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), has been appointed as its new chairperson. She is t ...

Mar 03, 2022

The Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act of 1958 (AFSPA)

In March, 2022, the Assam government has extended the contentious Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958 (AFSPA) in the state for six more months. O ...

May 24, 2022

World Health Organization (WHO)

In December 2021, the World Health Assembly agreed to start a global process to draft the pandemic treaty. The pandemic treaty is expected to cover a ...

Mar 03, 2022

Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT)

The U.S., Europe and several other western nations are moving to exclude Russia from the Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication ( ...

May 24, 2022

PM Gati Shakti: National Master Plan (NMP)

PM Modi launched PM Gati Shakti - National Master Plan for Multi-modal Connectivity, essentially a digital platform in October 2021. It aims to bring ...

May 24, 2022

What is Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP) ?

Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP), is a scheme launched by the Department of Pharmaceuticals, Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers ...

May 24, 2022

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is celebrating its 50th anniversary in 2022. UNEP was established after the United Nations Conferenc ...

May 24, 2022

What is "Japanese encephalitis" ?

The National Institute of Animal Biotechnology (NIAB), Hyderabad has developed an immunosensor to detect Non-Structural 1 (NS1) secretory protein whic ...

May 24, 2022

Delimitation Commission appointed for J&K delimitation exercise

The Delimitation Commission, set up to redraw the Assembly constituencies of Jammu and Kashmir, has been given two more months to complete the exercis ...

May 24, 2022

Green Hydrogen/Green Ammonia Policy

The Ministry of Power has notified Green Hydrogen/Green Ammonia Policy for production of Green Hydrogen or Green Ammonia using renewable sources of en ...

May 24, 2022

Plastic Waste Management (Amendment) Rules, 2022

The Environment Ministry has notified comprehensive guidelines on Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) for plastic packaging. Plastic Waste Managem ...

May 24, 2022

What are "Neutrinos (Ghost Particles)" & "Quarks and Leptons" ?

Neutrinos (Ghost Particles) Scientists have shown that the geometry of space-time can cause neutrinos to oscillate (move or swing back and forth in a ...

Feb 22, 2022

Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES)

Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) also called chamki bukhar, is a very complex syndrome and it can be caused by virus, bacteria, fungi, parasites, spi ...

May 24, 2022

Haryana State Employment of Local Candidates Act, 2020

A plea moved in the Punjab and Haryana High Court Chandigarh by Haryanas industry associations challenges the constitutional validity of the law, argu ...

May 24, 2022

One Rank One Pension (OROP)

The SC has asked the centre to place before it as to how many persons in the armed forces have received Modified Assured Career Progression (MACP) and ...

May 24, 2022

Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002 (PMLA)

The Supreme Court (SC) is examining allegations of rampant misuse of Prevention of Money Laundering Act 2002 (PMLA) by the government and the Enforcem ...

May 24, 2022

What is "Bone marrow", "T cells", "Stem Cells" ?

A U.S. patient with leukemia has become the first woman and the third person to date to be cured of HIV after receiving a stem cell transplant from a ...

May 24, 2022

What is "Dam Safety Act 2021" ?

On December 13, 2021, the Dam Safety Act received Presidents assent in order to provide for surveillance, inspection, operation and maintenance of the ...

May 24, 2022

India and the Green Hydrogen Potential

India, being a tropical country, has a significant edge in green hydrogen production due to its favourable geographic conditions and abundant natural ...

May 24, 2022

S-400 Triumf Russian long-range air defence system

The S-400 missile system deal is a symbol of the strength of Indias sovereignty said a Russian official. The Indian Air Force is likely to complete t ...

May 24, 2022

What is "Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) 4.0" ?

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare launched Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) 4.0 in February 2022. It will have three rounds and will be con ...

May 24, 2022

School Education in India: Right to Education, Samagra Shiksha, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan etc

The Supreme Court refused to intervene in a petition challenging sections of the Right to Education Act of 2009 which exclude vedic pathsalas , madras ...

May 25, 2022

Anti-defection law - Tenth Schedule

West Bengal Speaker dismissed Leader of Oppositions petition, seeking Mukul Roy disqualification as an MLA under the anti-defection law for defecting ...

May 25, 2022

What is "National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT)" ?

The Supreme Court granted Future Retail Ltd. (FRL) liberty to approach the Delhi High Court seeking permission to resume proceedings before the Nation ...

May 25, 2022

What is "Swamitva Yojana" ?

In a bid to revolutionise property record maintenance in India, PM Modi launched Swamitva Yojana or Ownership Scheme for the purpose of measuring and ...

May 25, 2022

ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations)

India is in discussion with the 10-nation bloc ASEAN for initiating the review of the free-trade agreement in goods between the two regions to seek mo ...

Apr 13, 2022

What is rice fortification ?

The government approved the Centrally Sponsored Pilot Scheme on Fortification of Rice & its Distribution under Public Distribution System for a period ...

Feb 16, 2022

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has hosted a series of webinar discussing the crucial role of civil society organisations and media in the ...

May 25, 2022

United Nations Peace Keeping (UNPK) : Blue Helmets

UN peacekeepers and troops of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) increased patrols near the site of last weeks deadly raid on internally displ ...

May 25, 2022

Creating "artificial sun" in a lab with "Thermonuclear Fusion"

Chinas Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) sustained the plasma at 70 million degrees Celsius for 1,056 seconds in January 2022. The ...

May 25, 2022

Central Media Accreditation Guidelines-2022

The Central government released the Central Media Accreditation Guidelines-2022, under which the accreditation will be withdrawn or suspended if a jou ...

May 25, 2022

What is "Privilege Motion" in Parliament ?

Four Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) members in the Rajya Sabha submitted a Privilege Motion against PM Modi regarding his 8 remarks in the Upper Hous ...

Feb 13, 2022

What is "Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (QUAD)" ?

Foreign Ministers of the Australia, India, Japan and USA held their fourth Quad ministerial meeting in Melbourne, Australia. They announced plans for ...

May 25, 2022

India's Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC)

Several countries, including India, the United States, those in the European Union and China, have been working seriously towards issuing their own Ce ...

Feb 10, 2022

What is WHO's "TRIPS Agreement" of 1995 ?

A small group of WTO members were discussing to exclude drug manufacturers in India and China from prospective waivers to Intellectual Property Rights ...

May 25, 2022

Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) or "Iranian Nuclear Deal - 2015"

In Feb, 2022, the US President restored sanctions waivers to Iran to allow international nuclear cooperation projects. The waivers under former Presi ...

May 25, 2022

National Digital Health Mission (NDHM) & UHI

The Prime Minister of India announced the launch of National Digital Health Mission (NDHM) on 74th Independence Day.. National Digital Health Mission ...

May 25, 2022

PM CARES Fund & PM National Relief Fund (PMNRF)

PM CARES Fund The PM CARES Fund collected ₹10,990 crore since its inception in March 2020 until March 2021. The Fund was set up to deal w ...

Feb 08, 2022

HAL Tejas aircraft : Light Combat Supersonic Fighter

The Indian Air Forces Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas will be showcasing its flying skills at the Singapore Airshow 2022 being held in February 2022 ...

Apr 12, 2022

What is "Vande Bharat Express" or "Train 18" ?

Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has in the Union Budget for 2022-2023 proposed the development and manufacture of 400 new Vande Bharat trains in t ...

May 25, 2022

National Medical Commission (NMC)

According to a decision of the National Medical Commission (NMC) - the fees for 50% of seats in private medical colleges and deemed universities shou ...

May 25, 2022

What is "Motion Of Thanks" (Article 87 of Constitution) ?

Amendments to the Motion of Thanks to the Presidents Address that mentioned the governments alleged used of Pegasus spyware and its handling of the CO ...

Feb 06, 2022

HRIDAY, PRASAD and Swadesh Darshan Schemes

HRIDAY National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY) was launched in 2015 with the aim of bringing together urban planning, eco ...

May 25, 2022

Chandrayaan 1,2,3 (Indian Lunar Exploration Mission)

The Chandrayaan programme or Indian Lunar Exploration Programme is an ongoing series of outer space missions by the Indian Space Research Organisation ...

May 25, 2022

Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY)

The indicative target for PMMVY was 51.70 lakh beneficiaries per annum, however, more than 64.35 lakhs beneficiaries were enrolled under PMMVY during ...

May 25, 2022

BrahMos Missile : Medium-range supersonic cruise missile

Philippines signed a $374.96 million deal with BrahMos Aerospace Private Ltd. for the supply of shore-based anti-ship variant of the BrahMos superson ...

Feb 03, 2022

Sacred Ensembles of the Hoysalas temples

Three Hoysala Temples of Belur, Halebid and Somnathapura in Karnataka have been finalised as Indias nomination for consideration as World Heritage for ...

Feb 03, 2022

Export Import Bank of India (EXIM Bank)

The Export Import Bank (EXIM) of India and Sri Lanka signed a 500-million doller Line of Credit agreement aimed at helping Sri Lanka cope with its cur ...

May 25, 2022

What are electoral bonds ?

Electoral bonds worth Rs 1,213 crore were sold by the SBI in January, 2022 as campaigning for the Assembly elections in Goa, Manipur, Punjab, Uttar Pr ...

Feb 03, 2022

Spyware Pegasus and related laws in India

According to The New York Times, the Israeli spyware Pegasus and a missile system were the centerpieces of a roughly USD 2-billion deal of sophisticat ...

May 25, 2022

Foreign exchange reserves (Forex reserves)

According to RBI data, the nations forex reserves posted a decline of $678 million in January 2022 to reach $634.287 billion. The slip in the reserve ...

May 25, 2022

What are "Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri" awards ?

After Bharat Ratna, Padma awards are the second highest civilian awards in the country and are given in three categories. It recognises achievemen ...

Jan 31, 2022

Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY)

PM Modi digitally launched the Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY) on 10th September, 2020. The government intends to place India in the fir ...

May 25, 2022

What is Employees' Provident Fund (EPF) Scheme ?

EPFO has decided to appoint an external independent auditor to keep an eye on their investment transactions and report any deviations. The EPFO had b ...

May 25, 2022

First India-Central Asia summit

PM Modi held the first India-Central Asia summit in a video conference with five Presidents from Kazakhstan (Nur-Sultan), Uzbekistan (Tashkent), Kyrgy ...

May 26, 2022

National Policy on Electronics (NPE) 2019

According to a vision document - India is likely to achieve electronics production of $300 billion by 2026, lower than the target of $400 billion by 2 ...

May 26, 2022

Laws related to Custody of children in India

As per the provisions of both the Hindu Law and the secular law, the custody of a child below five years of age is generally given to a mother. In ca ...

May 26, 2022

UNICEF (United Nations Children's Fund)

In Dec, 2021, UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres has appointed Catherine Russell as the head of UN childrens agency UNICEF. UNICEF UNICEF (United ...

May 26, 2022

What is International Monetary Fund (IMF) ?

The IMF was set up along with the World Bank after the Second World War (1945) to assist in the reconstruction of war-ravaged countries. It is govern ...

May 26, 2022

Shapes of Economic Recovery (L, V, U, W and K-shaped)

Former RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan said - the government needed to do more to prevent a K-shaped recovery of the economy hit by the coronavirus pandem ...

May 26, 2022

Subhash Chandra Bose Aapda Prabandhan Puraskar for 2022

The annual award is instituted by central government to recognise and honour the invaluable contribution and selfless service rendered by individuals ...

May 26, 2022

National Technical Textiles Mission (NTTM)

Ministry of Textiles clears 20 Strategic Projects in the areas of Specialty Fibres and Geotextiles under the flagship programme National Technical Tex ...

May 26, 2022

What is "E-Shram portal (Shramik Card)" ?

Special camps would be organised to register brick kiln, plantation, forestry and other unorganised sector workers on the Centres e-Shram portal. The ...

May 26, 2022

The Disaster Management Act, 2005

Lauding the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) on its raising day on January 19, 2022, PM Modi said it is at the forefront of many rescue and rel ...

May 26, 2022

The National Commission for Women (NCW)

At a consultation organised by the NCW on amendments to criminal law, there was unanimity that marital rape should be criminalised. The meeting also ...

May 26, 2022

All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) and UGC

The UGC and AICTE have warned their recognised varsities and institutions against offering courses in distance learning and online mode in association ...

May 26, 2022

What are "Rare earth metals (minerals)" ?

Recently, the US has proposed a law aiming to end Chinas alleged chokehold on rare-earth metal supplies. The law would require the creation of a stra ...

May 26, 2022

Special Marriage Act (SMA), 1954

The Special Marriage Act, 1954 is an Act with provision for civil marriage (or registered marriage) for people of India and all Indian nationals in fo ...

May 26, 2022

Siachen Glacier, Eastern Karakoram Range in the Himalayas

With the standoff in eastern Ladakh and sub-sector north which is very close to the Karakoram range and Soltoro ridge, several experts noted it will n ...

Jan 15, 2022

India, China and Srilanka relationship triangle

Colombo must service over $7 billion outstanding debt in 2022, including bond repayments of $500 million in January and $1 billion in July. India - ...

Jan 15, 2022

Lok Adalats in India (Organization, Jurisdiction & Powers)

In June 2020, the Legal Services Authorities integrated technology with the conventional modes of dispute settlement and introduced virtual Lok Adalat ...

Feb 16, 2022

Indigenous "Cryogenic Rocket Engine" by ISRO

The ISRO has successfully conducted the qualification test of cryogenic engine for the Gaganyaan programme for a duration of 720 seconds at ISRO Propu ...

May 26, 2022

INS Visakhapatnam: Guided Missile Destroyers

An extended range sea-to-sea variant of the BrahMos supersonic cruise missile was test fired from the recently commissioned stealth guided missile des ...

May 26, 2022

What is "FAME India Scheme Phase II" ?

India is the fifth-largest global car manufacturer with one of the highest compound annual growth rates (10 per cent) of vehicle registration as of 20 ...

May 26, 2022

The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019

Transgender inmates will soon get a separate enclosure/ward in prisons to ensure their right to privacy and dignity. While providing exclusive space ...

May 26, 2022

What is a TRP (Target Rating Point) ?

Ratings by Broadcast Audience Research Council (BARC) for the news channels will resume, after the organisation revised its procedures and protocols. ...

May 26, 2022

Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO)

Amid protest, the Kazakh President has called on the Collective Security Treaty Organisation (CSTO), for help to deal with the protests. What is th ...

Jan 13, 2022

What is Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) ?

Former Reserve Bank of India (RBI) governor Urjit Patel has been appointed vice-president of the Beijing-based AIIB. Mr. Patel will serve a three-yea ...

May 26, 2022

Special Protection Group (SPG) Act, 1988

The Centre is considering action under the Special Protection Group (SPG) Act against Punjab Police officers following the alleged breach in security ...

Jan 11, 2022

India's Aircraft Carriers and Submarines

Indias Aircraft Carriers India acquired its first aircraft carrier, INS Vikrant, from the United Kingdom in 1961, being the first Asian country to do ...

May 26, 2022

What is "World Trade Organization (WTO)" ?

The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization dealing with the regulation of international trade between nations. It is th ...

Jan 11, 2022

Expenditure limit for Lok Sabha, Assembly candidates

The expenditure limit for candidates for Lok Sabha constituencies was increased to ₹75 lakh from ₹54 lakh and ₹95 lakh from ₹7 ...

Jan 10, 2022

What is The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 ?

The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has asked the parliamentary committee for more time to frame the rules of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 (CA ...

May 25, 2022

Sri Jagannatha Temple Puri, Odisha

The temple is believed to have been constructed in the 12th century by King Anatavarman Chodaganga Deva of the Eastern Ganga Dynasty. Jagannath Pur ...

Jan 09, 2022

Smart Cities Mission (SCM)

The Smart Cities Mission, MoHUA has launched SAAR program, a joint initiative of MoHUA, National Institute of Urban Affairs (NIUA) and leading Indian ...

Jan 09, 2022

Pradhan Mantri Formalisation of Micro food Processing Enterprises (PMFME)

The Ministry of Food Processing Industries has signed an agreement with NAFED for developing 10 brands of selected ODOPs under the branding and market ...

Jan 09, 2022

Green Energy Corridor (Phase-I and Phase-II)

Recently the Union Government of India approved phase 2 of the Green Energy Corridor (GEC). Following are the new objectives under phase 2 of GEC: Th ...

May 26, 2022

Protection of Women from Sexual Harassment (POSH) Act, 2013

A petition has been filed in the SC challenging guidelines issued by the Bombay High Court in cases under the POSH Act, 2013. Guidelines issued by th ...

May 26, 2022

Language of Indian Supreme Court, High Courts & Subordinate Courts

A Division Bench of the Gujarat High Court has asked a journalist facing contempt of court proceedings to speak only in English as that was the langua ...

Jan 07, 2022

Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All (UJALA) Scheme

Both Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All (UJALA) and LED Street Lighting National Programme (SLNP) have been implemented by Energy Efficiency Servi ...

Jan 07, 2022

Right to Privacy: Justice Puttaswamy Vs Union of India

Madras High Court has said that a recent order passed by another judge of the same court, mandating the installation of CCTV cameras inside spas appea ...

Jan 07, 2022

United Nations Security Council (UNSC)

The United Nation Security Council (UNSC) got five new non permanent members (Albania, Brazil, Gabon, Ghana and the United Arab Emirates). Albania is ...

May 26, 2022

Atal Pension Yojana (APY) : PFRDA & NPS

In this financial year more than 65 lakh subscribers enrolled in Atal Pension Yojana (APY), which is the highest ever enrolment during the same period ...

May 26, 2022

Airports Authority of India (AAI), ICAO & IATA

Airports Authority of India (AAI) said it is taking legal recourse to defend itself from a Canadian court order that has allowed Devas Multimedias sha ...

May 26, 2022

Indian SARS-COV-2 Genomics Consortia (Insacog)

INSACOG is a consortium of 10 labs and 18 satellite labs across India tasked with scanning coronavirus samples from swathes of patients and flagging t ...

Jan 05, 2022

South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)

SAARC has not been very effective since 2016 and its biennial summits have not taken place since the last one in Kathmandu in 2014. The 2016 (19th) ...

Jan 05, 2022

India China border Important Locations

The Indian-China border dispute is an ongoing territorial dispute over the sovereignty of two relatively large, and several smaller, separated pieces ...

Jan 05, 2022

National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) or Namami Gange Project

Namami Gange Programme is an Integrated Conservation Mission, approved as a Flagship Programme by the Union Government in June 2014 to accomplish the ...

May 26, 2022

Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C or ICCCC) and CERT-In

The Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C or ICCCC) is a government initiative to deal with Cybercrime in India, in a coordinated and effective ...

May 11, 2022

What is "National Jal Jeevan Mission (NJJM)" ?

Drinking Water Supply schemes of Rs. 15,381.72 Crore approved for Madhya Pradesh under Jal Jeevan Mission. Madhya Pradesh plans to become Har Ghar Ja ...

May 26, 2022

What is "Draft national air sports policy" ?

The Draft national air sports policy will require entities providing these services and their equipment to be registered, as well as be liable for pen ...

Jan 03, 2022

What is a "Lithium-ion battery" ?

Indias first Lithium refinery which will process Lithium ore to produce battery-grade material will be set up in Gujarat. Lithium is a rare element n ...

Jan 03, 2022

Relation between "NPR, NRC, CAA and Census 2021"

The first phase of the census and collection of details to update the National Population Register (NPR) have been postponed at least till September 2 ...

Jan 03, 2022

The Goods and Services Tax (Compensation to States) Bill, 2017

Many states have demanded that the GST compensation cess regime be extended for another five years and the share of the Union government in the centra ...

Jan 02, 2022

The Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN)

PM Modi released over Rs 20,900 crore to more than 10.09 crore farmers across India as the 10th instalment of financial aid under the PM-KISAN scheme. ...

Jan 02, 2022

What is "Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT)" of 1970 ?

The treaty is the worlds most widely ratified nuclear arms control agreement, with 191 participating countries. The treaty defines nuclear-weapon st ...

Apr 24, 2022

Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act (NDPS), 1985

Supreme Court has observed - Sexual enhancement drugs containing herbs and medicines are not covered under the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substan ...

Jan 01, 2022

New Development Bank (NDB)

India on December 30 welcomed Egypts entry as the 9th (4th new member) of the New Development Bank (NDB). The NDB admitted Bangladesh, United Arab Em ...

Mar 26, 2022

Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana (PMJDY)

The total number of beneficiaries under the Centre’s financial inclusion scheme, Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY), has crossed the 44 crore mark ...

Mar 31, 2022

Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) or NavIC

India has become the fourth country in the world after US (GPS), Russia (GLONASS) and China (BeiDou) - to have its independent regional navigation sat ...

Mar 12, 2022

What is delimitation and how is it done ?

The process of redrawing electoral boundaries, is conducted across U.S. Congressional and State legislative districts every decade, following the publ ...

Dec 02, 2021

Swachh Bharat Mission (Clean India Mission)

Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) was launched by PM Modi on 2nd October 2014 to eliminate open defecation and improve solid waste management. The mission ...

Mar 03, 2022

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

A team from the U.N. nuclear agency arrived in Japan to assess preparations for the release into the ocean of treated radioactive water from the wreck ...

Nov 16, 2021

"Retail Direct Scheme" and "Integrated Ombudsman Scheme"

PM Modi launched two customer-centric initiatives of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) - Retail direct scheme and Integrated ombudsman scheme. These ...

Nov 15, 2021

NASA's DART mission to hit and deflect Dimorphos

NASA will launch the agencys first planetary defense test mission named the Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART). The main aim of the mission i ...

Nov 14, 2021

National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI)

National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI) has established a Customer Care Unit, which will facilitate the interaction of customers with all its Busin ...

Nov 14, 2021

National Commission for Minorities (NCM)

The National Commission for Minorities has issued a notice to the UP DGP, and Chief Secretary, asking for a detailed report into the death of a 22-yea ...

Nov 13, 2021

What is the "Global Methane Pledge" ?

The Global Methane Pledge was launched at the ongoing UN COP26 climate conference in Glasgow. So far, over 90 countries have signed this pledge, which ...

Nov 12, 2021

UNESCO Creative Cities Network (UCCN)

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) designated Srinagar as a part of UNESCO Creative Cities Network (UCCN). W ...

Nov 12, 2021

Chinese space station : Tiangong (Heavenly Palace)

China had launched the Shenzhou-13 spaceship in October 2021, sending three astronauts on a six-month mission to the under-construction space station ...

Nov 12, 2021

Zika virus (ZIKV) infection

Currently close to 90 persons, including 17 children, have tested positive for the virus from the State. In July 2021, a single Zika virus (ZIKV) infe ...

Nov 11, 2021

What is a 'mass extinction' and are we in one now ?

Mass extinction refers to a substantial increase in degree of extinction or when Earth loses more than three-quarters (75%) of its species in a geolog ...

Nov 08, 2021

The National Nutrition Mission (Poshan Abhiyaan)

As per a review report of NITI Aayog - The National Nutrition Mission (Poshan Abhiyaan) must be stepped up in order to meet the targets set by the Cen ...

Aug 30, 2021

National Unity Day: Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

The Ministry of Education launched various initiatives under Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat (EBSB) to commemorate Rashtriya Ekta Diwas. The National Un ...

Nov 05, 2021

Draft Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019

The Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) discussed the Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019 and reopened it for consultations. In December 2019, Parliam ...

Nov 02, 2021

26th United Nations Climate Change conference 2021

India will achieve net zero emissions latest by 2070, India would also install 500 Gigawatt of renewable energy by 2030, a 50 gw increase from its exi ...

Nov 02, 2021

What is "G20 (or Group of Twenty)" ?

The government has appointed Union Minister Piyush Goyal as Sherpa for the G20, replacing former Union Minister Suresh Prabhu. While PM Modi leads In ...

Mar 10, 2022

Global Hunger Index 2021

India has slipped to 101st position in the Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2021 of 116 countries, from its 2020 position of 94th. High-income countries ar ...

Mar 26, 2022

Mangalyaan - 1, 2 : Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM)

Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) planned to launch Mangalyaan - 2 mission by 2025. Mangalyaan-2, the second mission to Mars will be undertak ...

Mar 20, 2022

National Mission on Edible Oil-Oil Palm (NMEO-OP)

National Mission on Edible Oil- Oil Palm Business Summit for North Eastern States was held at Guwahati on 5th October 2021. The Centre will spend &#8 ...

Mar 07, 2022

BharatNet : National Optical Fibre Network (NOFN)

As on July, 2021, a total number of 1,58,266 GPs (including Block Head Quarters) have been made Service Ready in the country. It aims to connect all ...

Oct 06, 2021

Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana - National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM)

Aajeevika - National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) was launched by the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD), GoI in June 2011, as a restructured ve ...

May 25, 2022

One District One Product Scheme (ODOP)

On 01 October 2021; the Uttar Pradesh government named actor Kangana Ranaut as the brand ambassador of its ambitious One District-One Product (ODOP) p ...

May 25, 2022

Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP)

Integrated Guided Missile Development Program was conceived by Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam to enable India to attain self-sufficiency in the field of missi ...

May 25, 2022

Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT)

PM Modi launched AMRUT, Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs in June 2015. It seek to establish infrastructure that could ensure adequate robust sew ...

May 25, 2022

Tokyo Olympics 2020 - List of winners from India

Indias performance at the Tokyo Olympics has been commendable this year with lots of medals and good performances pouring in. India finishes 48th, ...

Sep 20, 2021

13th annual summit of the BRICS

Prime Minister Modi, chaired the 13th annual summit of the BRICS which was held virtually. The chairmanship of the forum is rotated annually among ...

Sep 14, 2021

National Institute Ranking Framework (NIRF)

The Education Ministry launched the sixth edition of the NIRF in which IIT-Madras, IISc-Bangalore, and IIT-Bombay have emerged as the countrys top thr ...

Sep 14, 2021

Virus Variants & Mutation (Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta)

Variants of a virus have one or more mutations that differentiate it from the other variants that are in circulation. While most mutations are deleter ...

Sep 03, 2021

Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine and Tuberculosis (TB)

Tuberculosis (TB) TB is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis, belonging to the Mycobacteriaceae family consisting of about 200 mem ...

Sep 02, 2021

Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in India

Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) are an integral part of the value chain, India is home to more than 6.3 crore MSMEs. The definition of ...

Aug 31, 2021

Leaded petrol (Tetraethyllead) eradicated

Nearly a century after doctors first issued warnings about the toxic effects of leaded petrol, Algeria - the last country to use the fuel, exhausted i ...

Aug 31, 2021

What are "New Drone Rules 2021" ?

The government notified the liberalised Drone Rules 2021 to open up new possibilities for innovation, business and drone technologies. Several req ...

Aug 29, 2021

Fair and Remunerative Price (FRP) for Sugarcane

Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by PM Modi has approved Fair and Remunerative Price (FRP) of sugarcane for sugar season 2021-22 (October ...

Aug 29, 2021

Greater Male Connectivity Project (GMCP)

India has committed to Maldives a financial package consisting of a grant of 100 million USD and new line of credit of 400 million USD. Greater Male ...

Aug 29, 2021

BHUVAN Geo-portal: Yuktdhara Portal, Geo-MGNREGA and JAN-MANREGA

ISRO launched the beta version of its web-based GIS tool, Bhuvan, on August 12, 2009. It has many versatile features, for Example: Visualization of ...

Aug 24, 2021

What is "Malabar exercise" ?

The Quad countries - India, the U.S., Australia and Japan - will conduct the next edition of the Malabar naval exercise off the coast of Guam. INS ...

Aug 23, 2021

United Nations Refugee Convention of 1951 : UNHCR

Considering the present situation in Afghanistan, India has introduced a new category of e-visa for Afghan nationals to fast-track their applications ...

Aug 21, 2021

PM Kisan Urja Suraksha evem Utthan Mahabhiyan (PM KUSUM) Scheme

Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) launched the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Urja Suraksha evem Utthan Mahabhiyan (PM KUSUM) Scheme on 08 March 2019 ...

Aug 21, 2021

Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY)

The enrolments under Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY) have gradually increased since its launch with cumulative enrolments of 23.88 crore u ...

Aug 15, 2021

Tribunals Reforms (Rationalisation and Conditions of Service) Bill, 2021

The Tribunals Reforms Bill, 2021 will replace the Tribunals Reforms (Rationalisation and Conditions of Service) Ordinance, 2021. The Bill, among ot ...

Aug 15, 2021

Taxation Laws (Amendment) Bill

Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman introduced the Taxation Laws (Amendment) Bill in the Lok Sabha to nullify the relevant retrospective tax clauses t ...

Aug 15, 2021

Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) - Ujjwala 1.0 & Ujjwala 2.0

Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) was launched to address health hazards/diseases and air pollution and empower women in rural and semi-urban areas by providing f ...

Aug 15, 2021

What is National Health Mission (NHM) ?

National Health Mission (NHM) was launched by the government of India in 2013 subsuming the National Rural Health Mission and the National Urban Healt ...

Aug 11, 2021

Govt initiatives for skill development and employment

Ministry of Rural Development is presently implementing two welfare schemes other than MGNREGS: 1) Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (D ...

Aug 11, 2021

What is "Samagra Shiksha Scheme 2.0" ?

As part of a revamp and extension of Samagra Shiksha Scheme, the Centre is planning to pay students their Right to Education (RTE) entitlements in the ...

Aug 10, 2021

UPI e-RUPI : Digital Payment Solution

e-RUPI is a digital, cashless and contactless solution launched by the Honble PM via video conferencing to allow cashless payment solution for COVID- ...

Aug 09, 2021

What is "Geo Textiles" and "Coir Geo Textile" ?

National Rural Infrastructure Development Agency (NRIDA) has announced that coir geo textiles will be used for construction of rural roads under the P ...

Aug 09, 2021

Permanent Forum of People of African Descent

The UN General Assembly approved a resolution establishing a Permanent Forum of People of African Descent to provide expert advice on addressing the c ...

Aug 08, 2021

Special Drawing Rights (SDR) of IMF

International Monetary Fund has proposed to create the liquidity through issuance of its Special Drawing Rights (SDRs). United States and India both ...

Aug 08, 2021

India-Pakistan border conflict : J&K an integral part of India

Pakistani authorities have finalised a law to award provisional provincial status to Gilgit-Baltistan. The entire UT of J&K and Ladakh, including t ...

Aug 06, 2021

The Commission for Air Quality Management in the NCR and Adjoining Areas Bill, 2021

The Lok Sabha passed the Bill to formalise the Commission for Air Quality Management For National Capital Region and Adjoining Areas. The bill pro ...

Aug 10, 2021

Strategic Crude Oil Storage facilities in India

Centre gave its nod for setting up of two underground facilities to store crude oil for commercial and strategic purpose, under the second phase (6.5 ...

Aug 05, 2021

Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation (DICGC)

Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation (DICGC) was established on 15 July 1978 under the Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporati ...

Jul 31, 2021

National Education Policy, 2020

India has had three National Education Policies to date. Parliament passed the first education policy in 1968 - on the suggestions of a 17-member Educ ...

Jul 31, 2021

Marine Aids to Navigation Bill 2021

Parliament passed the Marine Aids to Navigation Bill 2021, which aims to replace over 90-year-old Lighthouse Act 1927. It aims to incorporate the g ...

Jul 28, 2021

Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC)

The era before IBC had various scattered laws relating to insolvency and bankruptcy which caused inadequate and ineffective results with undue delays. ...

Jul 25, 2021

What is "Sagar Mala project" ?

The programme was approved by the cabinet in March 2015. The Sagarmala Programme is an initiative to enhance the performance of the countrys logist ...

Jul 23, 2021

What are Gram Nyayalayas ?

A Gram Nyayalaya have jurisdiction over an area specified by a notification by the State Government in consultation with the respective High Court. ...

Jul 22, 2021

UMANG App : Unified Mobile Application for New-age Governance

Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES), launched National Weather Services from India Meteorological Department (IMD) on the existing Unified Mobile Applic ...

Oct 07, 2021

What is lightning ? How lightning reach the Earth ?

As a whole, India sees 2,000-2,500 lightning deaths every year on average. Lightning is the biggest contributor to accidental deaths due to natural ca ...

Jul 15, 2021

Types of orbits (Geosynchronous, Geostationary, Low Earth & Sun-synchronous etc)

An orbit is the curved path that an object in space (such as a star, planet, moon, asteroid or spacecraft) takes around another object due to gravity. ...

Jul 14, 2021

Authorised Economic Operators ( AEO T1, T2 and T3)

Central Board of Indirect Taxes & Customs (CBIC) inaugurated the online filing of Authorised Economic Operators (AEO) T2 and T3 applications. The n ...

Jul 14, 2021

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) or Global Goals are a collection of 17 interlinked global goals designed to be a blueprint to achieve a bette ...

Jul 09, 2021

What is "Forest Rights Act (FRA), 2006" ?

The Environment Ministry and Ministry of Tribal Affairs jointly issued a communique to Chief Secretaries of States to review the implementation of the ...

Jul 09, 2021

Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRS)

Union Ministery of Tribal Affairs laid foundation stone for construction 5 Eklavya Residential Model Schools (EMRS) in three districts of Jharkhand. ...

Jul 05, 2021

Gaganyaan : India's human spaceflight programme

Gaganyaan mission was announcemen in August 2018 to send three Indians (including a woman) to space by 2022, the government approved further Rs. 10,00 ...

Oct 07, 2021

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)

PM Modi participated virtually in the 21st Meeting of the Council of Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), and through video- ...

Oct 07, 2021

The Cable Television Networks (Amendment) Rules, 2021

The Cable Television Networks (Amendment) Rules, 2021 provides for a three-level grievance redressal mechanism: 1) Self-regulation by broadcasters: ...

Jun 20, 2021

"Southern Ocean" - globe's fifth ocean

Historically, there are four named oceans: the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, and Arctic. The Southern Ocean is the newest and fifth named ocean. The N ...

Jun 18, 2021

Hallmarking of Gold Jewellery : World Gold Council (WGS) and BIS

Earlier, Quality control order for mandatory hallmarking of Gold Jewellery/artefacts were issued by the Government on 15th Jan 2020, but the last date ...

Jun 17, 2021

"One Nation, One Ration Card" system and 'Mera Ration' App

Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced the national rollout of a One Nation, One Ration Card system in all states and Union Territories by Marc ...

Jun 09, 2021

What is China's "artificial sun" fusion reactor ?

Chinas Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST), which mimics the energy generation process of the sun, set a new record after it ran at 1 ...

Jun 05, 2021

National Bamboo Mission (NBM)

A dedicated window The Green Gold Collection for Bamboo Goods (Bamboo based products & Quality Planting Materials) was launched by National Bamboo Mis ...

Jun 05, 2021

National Programme of Mid Day Meal in Schools (Midday Meal Scheme)

Mid Day Meal Scheme was started on 15th August 1995 under the name of National Programme of Nutritional Support to Primary Education (NP-NSPE). In ...

May 29, 2021

Indian Broadcasting and Digital Foundation (IBDF)

Indian Broadcasting and Digital Foundation (IBDF) The Indian Broadcasting Foundation (IBF), the apex body of broadcasters (radio or television), is ...

May 28, 2021

MP Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS)

The standing committee on MP Local Area Development (MPLAD) funds of the Rajya Sabha asked the government to release funds for the projects sanctioned ...

Mar 19, 2022

What is International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)

Fugitive diamantaire Mehul Choksi, who had recently fled from Antigua and Barbuda, was captured in neighbouring Dominica after an Interpol Yellow Noti ...

May 28, 2021