Notes & Study Material for UPSC/IAS, State PCS and other government exams.

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General Studies

Turtle conservation in India (Olive Ridley, Green turtle, Loggerhead, Hawksbill, Leatherback)

World Turtle Day is observed on 23rd May to increase attention on conservation of Turtles and Tortoises, the theme for the World Turtle Day 202 ...

Jun 17, 2021 14:29 IST · 2 min read

India's "Deep Ocean Mission" - EEZ, Continental shelf, UNCLOS and ISA

In September 2016, India signed a 15-year contract with the International Seabed Authority (ISA) for exploration of Poly-Metallic Sul ...

Jun 17, 2021 14:07 IST · 5 min read

What is "Eutrophication" and "Algal bloom" ?

What is "Eutrophication" ? Eutrophication is an enrichment of water by nutrient salts that causes structural changes to the ecosy ...

Jun 09, 2021 20:13 IST · 3 min read

What are Virus, Bacteria and Fungus ?

Microorganisms or microbes are microscopic organisms that exist as unicellular, multicellular, or cell clusters. Microorganims are widespread in natur ...

Jun 09, 2021 16:25 IST · 6 min read

Biofuels: Generations and Types (Bioethanol, Biodiesel Biogas etc)

Biofuel is any fuel that is derived from biomass - that is, plant or algae material or animal waste. Since such feedstock material can b ...

Jun 08, 2021 15:56 IST · 4 min read

What is "Central Vigilance Commission (CVC)" ?

The Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) has laid down a defined procedure to be followed by government organisations for getting vigilance clearance be ...

Jun 05, 2021 09:59 IST · 2 min read

What is Acid Rain ? (Causes, Effects and Solutions)

A singapore-flagged cargo ship caught fire near the Colombo beach resulting in the emission of nitrogen dioxide, there could be slight acid rains in t ...

Jun 04, 2021 21:20 IST · 2 min read

Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) : Bonn Convention

Convention for the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS) also known as Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) or the ...

May 29, 2021 13:15 IST · 1 min read

Bodoland (BTR) and Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC)

The Assam government created the Welfare of Bodoland Department for dealing with issues related to four districts under the Bodoland Territo ...

May 27, 2021 12:01 IST · 1 min read

The "Fifth" and "Sixth" Schedule of the Constitution

Fifth Schedule The Fifth Schedule of the constitution deals with the administration and control of scheduled areas as well as of ...

May 27, 2021 11:54 IST · 3 min read

Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI)

The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is the premier investigating agency of India. It operates under the jurisdiction of the Mi ...

May 26, 2021 11:51 IST · 2 min read

What happens during a solar eclipse , explained

A solar eclipse is a natural phenomenon, which occurs when the new Moon moves between the Sun and Earth and blocks sunlight coming from sun to cast a ...

May 25, 2021 19:34 IST · 1 min read

Phases of the Moon - New Moon, Full Moon

As the Moon orbits around the Earth, the half of the Moon that faces the Sun lit up, the different shapes of the lit portion of the Moon can be ...

May 25, 2021 17:24 IST · 2 min read

Plateaus : Classification & Major Plateaus in the world

A plateau is an elevated area with a more or less levelled land on its top. It has a large area on its top and a steep slope on its sides. ...

May 19, 2021 20:49 IST · 6 min read

Lake and its classification - Major Lakes in India

A lake is a large body of natural water accumulated in a depression. Lake basins are formed due to endogenous geological processes like tectonism a ...

May 19, 2021 13:34 IST · 9 min read

Glands (Endocrine & Exocrine) and Hormones in Human Body

A gland is an organ which produces and releases substances that perform a specific function in the body. Though we have many glands throughout the bod ...

May 18, 2021 22:12 IST · 8 min read

Heat transfer (Conduction, Convection and Radiation)

Heat may be defined as energy in transit from a high temperature object to a lower temperature object. If two bodies at differe ...

May 18, 2021 16:49 IST · 5 min read

National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC)

National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC) is a constitutional body, the 102nd Constitution Amendment Act, 2018 provided constituti ...

May 15, 2021 23:58 IST · 2 min read

Elephant Conservation: Elephant and Elephant Corridors

Why in news ? 1) Recently, the National Green Tribunal (NGT) has directed the Odisha government to prepare an action plan for 14 identified e ...

May 15, 2021 07:34 IST · 2 min read

Nitrogen cycle - Fixation, Assimilation, Ammonification, Nitrification & Denitrification

Nitrogen cycle is the circulation and conversion of nitrogen into multiple chemical forms as it circulates from the atmosphere to the soil t ...

May 14, 2021 19:18 IST · 4 min read
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