Notes & Study Material for UPSC/IAS, State PCS and other government exams.

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General Studies

Tiger conservation : Project Tiger

What is Project Tiger ? Project Tiger is a tiger conservation program launched in April 1973 by the Government of India to ste ...

Aug 01, 2021 16:30 IST · 3 min read

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India

A World Heritage Site is a location with an "outstanding universal value". This signifies cultural and/or natural significance which is so exce ...

Jul 29, 2021 18:14 IST · 13 min read

What are the Greenhouse gases ?

What is greenhouse effect ? The greenhouse effect is the natural warming of the earth that results when gases in the atmosphere trap ...

Jul 14, 2021 00:26 IST · 5 min read

What are "Space Hurricanes" and "Auroras" ?

What is Space Hurricane ? For the first time ever, scientists from China's Shandong University have confirmed the existence of 1,00 ...

Jul 13, 2021 08:02 IST · 2 min read

Historical Monuments of India (Forts, Temples, Gardens & Tombs)

India is rich in culture, traditions, heritage buildings, temples, forts and palaces. Famous Indian Monuments includes: Humayun Tomb, Moti Masjid, Qut ...

Jul 08, 2021 02:56 IST · 1 min read

Books written in Medieval Indian and their Authors

The literature of Medieval India was composed of religious writings as well as secular works. It is a complex and rich field of study, from the utterl ...

Jul 06, 2021 18:10 IST · 1 min read

Important Dynasties and Kingdoms of India (Founder & Capital)

India has a very interesting history which has witnessed the rise and fall of various dynasties. Here is a list of Important Dynasties and Kingdoms of ...

Jul 06, 2021 15:30 IST · 1 min read

The "Ganga" River System

The Ganga river originates as Bhagirathi from the Gangotri Glacier of western Himalayas in the Uttar Kashi District of Uttarak ...

Jul 06, 2021 14:13 IST · 9 min read

Elephant Conservation: Elephant and Elephant Corridors

Why in news ? 1) Recently, the National Green Tribunal (NGT) has directed the Odisha government to prepare an action plan for 14 identified e ...

Jul 05, 2021 07:34 IST · 3 min read

Indian Monsoon : Role of jet streams, ITCZ, Tibetan plateau and El Nino

Rising air creates low pressure systems, and sinking air creates high pressure - these high and low pressure systems influence climatic phenomena. ...

Jul 04, 2021 03:42 IST · 10 min read

What are Seismic waves (Seismology) ?

Seismic waves are shockwaves of energy that travel through and around the earth, these waves are caused by the sudden breaking of rock, eart ...

Jul 02, 2021 17:40 IST · 3 min read

Janapadas and Mahajanapadas with their capital and location

The Mahajanapada were sixteen kingdoms or oligarchic republics that existed in Northern ancient India from the 600-400 BCE during the second ur ...

Jul 02, 2021 02:08 IST · 1 min read

Important Indus Valley Sites in India

The Indus Valley Civilization was established around 3300 BC, it flourished between 2600 BC and 1900 BC (Mature Indus Valley Civilizatio ...

Jul 02, 2021 02:01 IST · 1 min read

Foreign travellers and scholars who visited India

Indian civilisation attracted many travellers and scholars in ancient to modern times - like Al-Masudi, Fa-Hien, Hiuen-Tsang, Marco Polo and Abdul Razak, etc. ...

Jul 02, 2021 01:53 IST · 1 min read

Major Local Winds around the World

Local winds result from air moving between small low and high pressure systems. They are more localized in their extent and covers limited hori ...

Jul 01, 2021 17:13 IST · 1 min read

Pressure Belts, ITCZ, Winds (Trade winds, Sea Breeze, Local Winds etc)

Differential heating of the Earth's surface results in equatorial regions rece ...

Jun 30, 2021 23:08 IST · 6 min read

Earth's Heat Budget & differential Surface Heating

The balance of incoming and outgoing heat on Earth is referred to as its heat budget. Of all of the solar energy reaching the Earth, ab ...

Jun 30, 2021 00:56 IST · 3 min read

What is "Enforcement Directorate (ED)" ?

The Enforcement Directorate (ED) is a law enforcement agency and economic intelligence agency responsible for enforcing economic laws and fight ...

Jun 27, 2021 22:11 IST · 1 min read

Genetically modified crops (GM crops) in India

Genetically modified crops (GM crops) are plants used in agriculture, the DNA of wh ...

Jun 21, 2021 10:26 IST · 2 min read

Turtle conservation in India (Olive Ridley, Green turtle, Loggerhead, Hawksbill, Leatherback)

World Turtle Day is observed on 23rd May to increase attention on conservation of Turtles and Tortoises, the theme for the World Turtle Day 202 ...

Jun 17, 2021 14:29 IST · 2 min read
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