Notes & Study Material for UPSC/IAS, State PCS and other government exams

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Current Affairs

"Bad bank", "Asset Reconstruction Companies (ARCs)" and "Non Performing Assets (NPA)"

Banks have finalised plans to transfer 15 Non-Performing Asset (NPA) accounts worth Rs 50,000 crore to the National Asset Reconstruction Company Ltd. ...

Economy · Jun 27, 2022 · 5 min read

India State of Forest Report 2021 (UP Special)

Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) released the India State of Forest Report 2021 prepared by the Forest Survey of India (F ...

Environment · May 25, 2022 · 2 min read

Highlights of Union Budget 2022-23

Union Finance Minister, Nirmala Sitharaman is presenting the Union Budget 2022 for the 4th time in a row. She will be presenting the financial state ...

Economy · May 25, 2022 · 6 min read

Highlights of "Economic Survey 2021-22"

Economic Survey 2021-22 was tabled in Parliament by the Finance Minister soon after the Presidents address to both Houses of Parliament. The central ...

Economy · May 25, 2022 · 10 min read

Uttar Pradesh current affairs (June 2022 to April 2022)

Uttar Pradesh Budget 2022-23 On May 26, 2022, UP Finance Minister Suresh Kumar Khanna presented the states largest ever budget of Rs 6.15 lakh crore. ...

Miscellaneous · May 30, 2022 · 10 min read

Uttar Pradesh current affairs (March 2022 to January 2022)

March - 2022 1) Uttar Pradesh Governor Anandiben Patel presented Lok Nirmala Samman to folk singer Sharda Sinha (Voice of Bihar). 2) President Kovin ...

Miscellaneous · May 30, 2022 · 4 min read

Avian influenza (Bird flu) - H5N1, H5N8, H1N1

In April, 2022 Chinas National Health Commission (NHC) announced that a four-year-old boy was found to have been infected with the H3N8 variant of Bir ...

Science & Tech · May 21, 2022 · 2 min read

Uttar Pradesh current affairs (December 2021 to October 2021)

DEC - 2021 1) NITI Aayog Health Index 2021 - Uttar Pradesh ranks last in terms of overall health performance among large states, while Kerala is at t ...

Miscellaneous · May 30, 2022 · 10 min read

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)

Maharashtra is the latest state to threaten to withdraw from the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bhima Yogna (PMFBY) if the changes suggested by it were not take ...

Gov. Schemes · May 21, 2022 · 3 min read

NASA's Perseverance rover and Ingenuity helicopter

Perseverance Rover has captured a solar eclipse on Mars. Mars has two small moons, Phobos and Deimos, that may be captured asteroids. Perseverance ro ...

Science & Tech · May 21, 2022 · 2 min read

What is "UDAN (Ude Desh ka Aam Naagrik)" scheme ?

UDAN (UdeDeshkaAamNagrik) Scheme has been selected for Prime Ministers Award for Excellence in Public Administration 2020 under the category Innovatio ...

Gov. Schemes · May 21, 2022 · 2 min read

United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)

The UN Charter established ECOSOC in 1945 as one of the six main organs of the United Nations. It is at the heart of the United Nations system to ad ...

International Relations · May 21, 2022 · 1 min read

National Agriculture Market (eNAM)

Recently, e-NAM marks the sixth anniversary of the National Agriculture Market (e-NAM), a pan-India electronic trade network. A total of 1000 mandis ...

Economy · May 21, 2022 · 1 min read

ISRO Launch Vehicles - (ASLV, PSLV & GSLV)

In 2021, a high-level panel was established to examine the failed GSLV-F10/EOS-03 mission and recommended measures for making the Cryogenic Upper Stag ...

Science & Tech · May 21, 2022 · 6 min read

Uttar Pradesh Budget, 2021-22

On February 22, 2021, Uttar Pradesh Finance Minister Suresh Kumar Khanna presented the budget for the financial year 2021-22 in the Assembly. The siz ...

Polity · May 21, 2022 · 3 min read

Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA), 2010

SC upheld the constitutional validity of the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Amendment Act (FCRA), 2020. It held that receiving foreign donations c ...

Polity · May 22, 2022 · 2 min read

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005 (MGNREGA)

Ministry of Rural Development has notified fresh wage rates under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) for financial year ...

Gov. Schemes · May 22, 2022 · 2 min read

What is the "Nipah Virus (NiV)" ?

Scientists at Punes ICMR – National Institute of Virology were able to detect the presence of IgG antibodies against Nipah virus infection (NiV) in 51 ...

Science & Tech · May 22, 2022 · 1 min read

De-Notified And Nomadic Tribes (Vimukta Jati)

The standing committee of Parliament has criticised the functioning of the development programme for de-notified, nomadic and semi-nomadic tribes. Th ...

Social Issues · May 22, 2022 · 1 min read

IPCC: Sixth Assessment Report (Part I, II & III)

The UNs climate science body, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) published the third part of its Sixth Assessment Report (AR6). The ...

Environment · May 22, 2022 · 2 min read
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General Studies

Ancient Indian Historiography (Sources, Tradition, Itihasa, Puranas, Charita)

Historiography: Theory & Method · Jul 18, 2022 · 12 min read

Historiography: 19th Century (Romanticism, History as Literature & French Historiography)

Historiography: Theory & Method · Jul 18, 2022 · 10 min read

Historiography: Enlightenment (Montesquieu, Voltaire, Robertson, Gibbon)

Historiography: Theory & Method · Jul 18, 2022 · 4 min read

Historiography: Renaissance (Petrarch, Biondo, Machiavelli & Guicciardini)

Historiography: Theory & Method · Jul 18, 2022 · 6 min read

Historiography: Medieval historiography (Augustine, Bede, Otto, Al-Biruni & Ibn Khaldun)

Historiography: Theory & Method · Jul 18, 2022 · 17 min read

Operations in Historiography (Preliminary, Analytical & Synthetic)

Historiography: Theory & Method · Jul 18, 2022 · 7 min read

Verification & Authenticity of Historical Data (External & Internal Criticism)

Historiography: Theory & Method · Jul 18, 2022 · 4 min read

Primary and Secondary Sources in History

Historiography: Theory & Method · Jul 18, 2022 · 3 min read

Historical Research methodology (Steps in historical research)

Historiography: Theory & Method · Jul 18, 2022 · 6 min read

Theories of history (Random, Cyclical, Great Man, Great Mind etc.)

Historiography: Theory & Method · Jul 17, 2022 · 3 min read

Relationship of History with other social Sciences (Politics, Economics, Sociology etc)

Historiography: Theory & Method · Jul 17, 2022 · 10 min read

What is History & Historical analysis (Fact & Evidence)

Historiography: Theory & Method · Jul 17, 2022 · 4 min read

What is "Historicism" ? (Meaning, Variants & Crticism)

Historiography: Theory & Method · Jul 16, 2022 · 2 min read

Modern Indian Historiography (British India & Indian nationalist historiography)

Historiography: Theory & Method · Jul 14, 2022 · 8 min read

Medieval Indian Historiography (Delhi Sultanate & Mughal Historiography)

Historiography: Theory & Method · Jul 13, 2022 · 11 min read
GS MCQs
Physical Geography Medieval History of India Modern Indian History Geography of India Indian Polity Indian Economy Environment Agriculture General Science Ancient History of India Current Affairs World Geography Historiography: Theory & Method