Notes & Study Material for UPSC/IAS, State PCS and other government exams

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7 Continents and 5 Oceans of the World

7 Continents and 5 Oceans of the World

Continents There are seven major continents separated by large water bodies. These continents are – Asia, Europe, Africa, North America, South America, Australi...

Dec 08, 2022 · 2 min read
Latitude, Longitude, Equator, Tropics & Solstice

Latitude, Longitude, Equator, Tropics & Solstice

The geographic coordinate system is a spherical or ellipsoidal coordinate system for measuring and communicating positions directly on the Earth as latitude and longitude. ...

Dec 08, 2022 · 6 min read
Celestial Bodies (Stars, Planets, Comets, Meteoroid, Meteorite and Meteor)

Celestial Bodies (Stars, Planets, Comets, Meteoroid, Meteorite and Meteor)

The sun, eight planets, satellites and some other celestial bodies known as asteroids and meteoroids form the solar system. A celestial body can be defined as any naturall...

Dec 08, 2022 · 8 min read
Pre-history or Stone Age (Paleolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic, Chalcolithic)

Pre-history or Stone Age (Paleolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic, Chalcolithic)

History is divided into pre-history, proto-history, and history. Events that occurred before the invention of writing are considered part of pre-history, which is gene...

Nov 30, 2022 · 3 min read
Cabinet Mission to Partition & Independence (1946-47)

Cabinet Mission to Partition & Independence (1946-47)

PM Attlee cited several reasons for leaving India, the most important of which were the INA activities of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, which weakened the very foundation of the British Emp...

Nov 30, 2022 · 6 min read
Important Dynasties and Kingdoms of India (Founder & Capital)

Important Dynasties and Kingdoms of India (Founder & Capital)

India has a very interesting history which has witnessed the rise and fall of various dynasties. Here is a list of Important Dynasties and Kingdoms of India, their Founder and Capital....

Nov 30, 2022 · 1 min read
Important Monuments, Heritage Sites and Temples in India

Important Monuments, Heritage Sites and Temples in India

Ajanta Caves The Ajanta Caves are Buddhists caves built in two phases - In the reign of Emperor Ashoka (2nd Century BC) and additions were made during the 5th and 6th centuri...

Nov 30, 2022 · 14 min read
Vedic Literature (Rigveda, Samaveda, Yajurveda & Atharvaveda)

Vedic Literature (Rigveda, Samaveda, Yajurveda & Atharvaveda)

The Vedas are said to have been passed on from one generation to the next through verbal transmission and are, therefore, also known as Shruti (to hear) or revelation (communicating di...

Nov 30, 2022 · 13 min read
Indus Valley Civilisation (Harappan civilisation)

Indus Valley Civilisation (Harappan civilisation)

The Indus Valley Civilization was established around 3300 BC, it flourished between 2600 BC and 1900 BC (Mature Indus Valley Civilization) and started to decline around 1900 BC and...

Nov 30, 2022 · 1 min read
Political associations established before/after Indian National Congress (INC)

Political associations established before/after Indian National Congress (INC)

Various political associations existed before the existence of the Indian National Congress (INC). Here is a list of important political organizations established before the Indian National Cong...

Nov 30, 2022 · 1 min read
Initiatives to protect Environment, Ecology and Biodiversity

Initiatives to protect Environment, Ecology and Biodiversity

The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), created in 1948, is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of n...

Nov 30, 2022 · 6 min read
Mahajanapadas with their capital and modern day location

Mahajanapadas with their capital and modern day location

The Mahajanapada were sixteen kingdoms or oligarchic republics that existed in Northern ancient India from the 600-400 BCE during the second urbanisation period. Sixteen stat...

Nov 30, 2022 · 1 min read
Nuclear Power Plants in India (Operational, Under Construction & Planned)

Nuclear Power Plants in India (Operational, Under Construction & Planned)

Nuclear energy is a clean, environment friendly base load source of power available 24X7. Nuclear power is the fifth-largest source of electricity in India after co...

Nov 29, 2022 · 4 min read
Chemistry Miscellaneous (Elements, Compounds and Processes) - III

Chemistry Miscellaneous (Elements, Compounds and Processes) - III

More reactive metals have a greater tendency to lose electrons and form positive ions. Reactivity: Potassium > Sodium > Lithium > Barium > Strontium > Calcium > Magnes...

Nov 29, 2022 · 10 min read
Distribution of Major Industries in India

Distribution of Major Industries in India

The major industries in the Indian Economy are Iron & Steel, Textiles, Jute, Sugar, Cement, Paper, Petrochemical, Automobile, Information Technology (IT), and Banking & Insurance. ...

Nov 29, 2022 · 1 min read

Which among the following sites provides evidence of domestication of animals in the Mesolithic period?

  1. Odai
  2. Bori
  3. Bagor
  4. Lakhnia

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Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other as Reason (R).

Assertion (A): In 1946, the Muslim League withdrew its acceptance of the Cabinet Mission Plan.
Reason (R): The Muslim League joined the interim government formed in 1946.

Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

  1. Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
  2. Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
  3. (A) is true, but (R) is false
  4. (A) is false, but (R) is true

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The inscription of Hathigumpha is the source of information about which king?

  1. Kharvela
  2. Ashok
  3. Harshavardhan
  4. Kanishka

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Arrange the following temples in a chronological order and select the correct answer from the codes given below:

I. Brihdishwar temples
II. Gangaikonda cholapuram temple
III. Shore temple of Mahabalipuram
IV. Sapt pagoda

Codes:

  1. I, II, IV, III
  2. II, I, III, IV
  3. III, II, I, IV
  4. IV, III, I, II

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Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other as Reason (R).

Assertion (A): Turkish invasions on India were successful.
Reason (R): There was no political unity in North India.

Select the correct answer from the codes given below: Codes:

  1. Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
  2. Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
  3. (A) is true, but (R) is false
  4. (A) is false, but (R) is true

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Which of the following is a Samhita of Shukla Yajurveda?

  1. Vajasanami
  2. Maitrayani
  3. Taittiriya
  4. Kathak

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15th Pravasi Bhartiya Diwas in January 2019 will be held in which city?

  1. Varanasi
  2. Vadodara
  3. Jaipur
  4. Pune

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The first 'Kisan Rail' of India started its journey on 8th August, 2020 between which of the following two stations?

  1. Ghaziabad and Howrah
  2. Devlali (Maharashtra) and Danapur (Bihar)
  3. Nasik and New Delhi
  4. Nasik and Ahmedabad

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Who among the following was the author of the book 'Kitab-i-Nauras' ?

  1. Ibrahim Adil Shah II
  2. Ali Adil Shah
  3. Quli Qutab Shah
  4. Akbar II

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