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De-Notified And Nomadic Tribes (Vimukta Jati)

news-details Image Source Jul 29, 2021 04:21 IST · 1 min read

In Feb, 2014, the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment had constituted National Commission for De-Notified and Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Tribes (NCDNT) for the period of 3 years from the date of Notification.

Government has so far launched following welfare schemes for the benefits to DNTs:

1) Dr. Ambedkar Pre-Matric and Post-Matric Scholarship for DNTs Boys and Girls.
2) Nanaji Deshmukh Scheme of construction of Hostels for DNTs Boys and Girls.

The Department has approved a special scheme namely "Scheme for Economic Empowerment of DNT Communities (SEED)" for welfare of this community having following four components:

1) Coaching of good quality for DNT candidates to enable them to appear in competitive examinations.
2) Health Insurance.
3) Livelihood initiative at community level.
4) Financial assistance for construction of houses.

Denotified Tribes (DNTs), also known as Vimukta Jati, are the tribes that were listed originally under the Criminal Tribes Act of 1871, as Criminal Tribes and "addicted to the systematic commission of non-bailable offences."

Once a tribe became "notified" as criminal, all its members were required to register with the local magistrate, failing which they would be charged with a "crime" under the Indian Penal Code.

The Criminal Tribes Act was repealed in 1949 and thus 'de-notified' the tribal communities.

This Act, however, was replaced by a series of Habitual Offenders Acts, that asked police to investigate a "suspect's" "criminal tendencies" and whether their occupation is "conducive to settled way of life."

The denotified tribes were reclassified as "habitual offenders" in 1959.

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