What is "Swamitva Yojana" ?

In a bid to revolutionise property record maintenance in India, PM Modi launched "Swamitva Yojana" or "Ownership Scheme" for the purpose of measuring and documenting residential properties of gram panchayats in rural India.

The marquee scheme is to cover around 6.62 lakh villages by 2025 and seeks to confer land titles in so far unmapped and inhabited parts of rural India.

What is "Swamitva Yojana" ?

Swamitva Yojana is a scheme launched by PM Modi on April 24 2020, the Panchayati Raj Diwas to create a record of land ownership in rural areas using drones and other accompanying technologies.

The aim of the scheme is to provide ownership rights to people by surveying and measuring the non-disputable land record using latest technology like drones.

Drones will draw a digital map of every inhabited property falling within the geographical limits of a village and demarcate the boundaries of every revenue area.

The Panchayati Raj ministry, Survey of India, Panchayati Raj departments and Revenue departments of various states are tasked with caring out the scheme in close coordination.

Under the scheme state governments will prepare a property card for every property in the village using accurate measurements mapped by drones.

The land revenue records department will recognize and distribute these property card to the owners of the property.

The property card will act as an official document to prove land/property rights, these cards can be used as a collateral to access finances from a bank and to free the property from illegal occupation if any.

Panchayats will maintain the property records for a village for collection of associated taxes from the owners, the taxes so collected will be used to build rural infrastructure and facilities.

On 24th April, 2021, the Scheme has been extended to cover around 6 lakh 62 thousand villages of the entire country.

The data collected under the scheme will be uploaded on Swamitva online portal and the data so collected may also be available to public to check information related to property or land.

PM Modi also launched a E Gram Swaraj portal on the occasion, the portal will act as a single window to provide the panchayat related work details of every village under Gram Panchayat Development Plan (GPDP).

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Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA) and Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) have granted conditional exemption to Survey of India (Sol) from Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) Rules, 2021.

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India plans to prepare digital maps of all its 6,00,000 villages and pan-India 3D maps will be prepared for 100 cities.

The updated geospatial policy guidelines help private companies to prepare a variety of maps without needing approvals from a host of ministries and make it easier to use drones and develop applications via location mapping.

The complete geospatial policy would be announced "soon" as the liberalisation of guidelines had yielded very positive outcomes within a year's time.