General Studies notes for UPSC/IAS, UPPSC and State PSCs


Tiger conservation : Project Tiger

What is Project Tiger ? Project Tiger is a tiger conservation program launched in April 1973 by the Government of India to ste ...

Aug 01, 2021 16:30 IST · 3 min read

Elephant Conservation: Elephant and Elephant Corridors

Why in news ? 1) Recently, the National Green Tribunal (NGT) has directed the Odisha government to prepare an action plan for 14 identified e ...

Jul 05, 2021 07:34 IST · 3 min read

Turtle conservation in India (Olive Ridley, Green turtle, Loggerhead, Hawksbill, Leatherback)

World Turtle Day is observed on 23rd May to increase attention on conservation of Turtles and Tortoises, the theme for the World Turtle Day 202 ...

Jun 17, 2021 14:29 IST · 2 min read
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Physical Geography

What are "Space Hurricanes" and "Auroras" ?

What is Space Hurricane ? For the first time ever, scientists from China's Shandong University have confirmed the existence of 1,00 ...

Jul 13, 2021 08:02 IST · 2 min read

What are Seismic waves (Seismology) ?

Seismic waves are shockwaves of energy that travel through and around the earth, these waves are caused by the sudden breaking of rock, eart ...

Jul 02, 2021 17:40 IST · 3 min read

Pressure Belts, ITCZ, Winds (Trade winds, Sea Breeze, Local Winds etc)

Differential heating of the Earth's surface results in equatorial regions rece ...

Jun 30, 2021 23:08 IST · 6 min read
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Geography of India

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India

A World Heritage Site is a location with an "outstanding universal value". This signifies cultural and/or natural significance which is so exce ...

Jul 29, 2021 18:14 IST · 13 min read

The "Ganga" River System

The Ganga river originates as Bhagirathi from the Gangotri Glacier of western Himalayas in the Uttar Kashi District of Uttarak ...

Jul 06, 2021 14:13 IST · 9 min read

Indian Monsoon : Role of jet streams, ITCZ, Tibetan plateau and El Nino

Rising air creates low pressure systems, and sinking air creates high pressure - these high and low pressure systems influence climatic phenomena. ...

Jul 04, 2021 03:42 IST · 10 min read
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Modern Indian History

Land Revenue Systems during British rule in India

Before independence, there were three major types of land tenure systems prevailing in the country: The Zamindari System, Ryotwari system and Mahalwar ...

Feb 21, 2021 15:55 IST · 3 min read

Books, Magazine and Newspapers written by Freedom Fighters

Our freedom fighters wrote many books to propagate their ideologies and motivate people to participate in the freedom struggle. Here is a list of popu ...

Feb 21, 2021 14:57 IST · 1 min read

Round Table Conferences (1930-32)

The three Round Table Conferences of November 1930 - December 1932 were a series of peace conferences organized by the British Governmen ...

Feb 12, 2021 14:04 IST · 2 min read
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General Science

What are the Greenhouse gases ?

What is greenhouse effect ? The greenhouse effect is the natural warming of the earth that results when gases in the atmosphere trap ...

Jul 14, 2021 00:26 IST · 5 min read

What are Virus, Bacteria and Fungus ?

Microorganisms or microbes are microscopic organisms that exist as unicellular, multicellular, or cell clusters. Microorganims are widespread in natur ...

Jun 09, 2021 16:25 IST · 6 min read

Biofuels: Generations and Types (Bioethanol, Biodiesel Biogas etc)

Biofuel is any fuel that is derived from biomass - that is, plant or algae material or animal waste. Since such feedstock material can b ...

Jun 08, 2021 15:56 IST · 4 min read
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Indian Polity

What is "Enforcement Directorate (ED)" ?

The Enforcement Directorate (ED) is a law enforcement agency and economic intelligence agency responsible for enforcing economic laws and fight ...

Jun 27, 2021 22:11 IST · 1 min read

What is "Central Vigilance Commission (CVC)" ?

The Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) has laid down a defined procedure to be followed by government organisations for getting vigilance clearance be ...

Jun 05, 2021 09:59 IST · 2 min read

Bodoland (BTR) and Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC)

The Assam government created the Welfare of Bodoland Department for dealing with issues related to four districts under the Bodoland Territo ...

May 27, 2021 12:01 IST · 1 min read
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Indian Economy

The National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI)

The National Payments Corporation of India is an umbrella organisation for operating retail payments and settlement systems under the ownership ...

May 09, 2021 12:08 IST · 4 min read

What are "Payment Banks" : Eligibility, Regulation etc

Payment Banks are outcome of Dr. Nachiket Mor committee recommendations to cater to the lower income groups and small businesses. ...

Apr 18, 2021 12:03 IST · 1 min read

What are Small finance banks: Eligibility, Regulation etc.

Small finance banks are established as public limited companies in the private sector under the Companies Act, 2013 and can be promoted either ...

Apr 18, 2021 11:37 IST · 2 min read
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Prelims 2021