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Environment Notes for UPSC, State PCS and other exams

Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) : Bonn Convention

Convention for the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS) also known as Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) or the ...

May 29, 2021 13:15 IST · 1 min read

Major Biomes of the world

A biome is a large community of vegetation and wildlife adapted to a specific climate they exist in. The seven major types of biomes are Tundra, Ta ...

Sep 25, 2021 17:30 IST · 10 min read

Red Panda Conservation in India (Project Red Panda)

The red panda is a carnivoran found in the forests of India, Nepal, Bhutan and the northern mountains of Myanmar and southern China. ...

Sep 25, 2021 18:28 IST · 1 min read

Biological Diversity Act, 2002

The Biological Diversity Act was enacted in 2002 for the preservation of biological diversity in India, and provides mechanism for equitable ...

Mar 03, 2021 21:36 IST · 2 min read

What are "Peatlands" ? Peatlands's importance in climate change

Peatlands are a type of wetlands that occur in almost every country on Earth, currently covering 3% of the global land surface. These are h ...

Apr 25, 2021 11:27 IST · 1 min read

What is "Montreal Protocol" on Ozone Layer Protection ?

The Union Cabine has given its approval for ratification of the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone ...

Aug 19, 2021 22:42 IST · 1 min read

Hydrogen fuel and Electric vehicle (EVs)

India has announced a National Hydrogen Mission in the Budget - a roadmap for using hydrogen as an energy source, with specific focus on green ...

Feb 19, 2021 22:55 IST · 3 min read

What is "Eutrophication" and "Algal bloom" ?

What is "Eutrophication" ? Eutrophication is an enrichment of water by nutrient salts that causes structural changes to the ecosy ...

Jun 09, 2021 20:13 IST · 3 min read

What is a "mangrove" forest ? (Sundarbans, Bhitarkanika etc)

A mangrove is a shrub or small tree that grows in coastal saline or brackish water. Mangroves occur worldwide in the tropics and subtrop ...

Apr 25, 2021 10:55 IST · 1 min read

Lions: Asiatic Lion, African Lion & Lion census 2020

Asiatic Lions The Asiatic Lion (Persian Lion or Indian Lion) is a member of the Panthera Leo Leo subspecies that is restr ...

Aug 16, 2021 17:14 IST · 2 min read

Most important Species in News : Environment | Prelims 2021

Here is a list of most important species in news for UPSC, UPPSC and other State PSCs Prelims 2021 - The Great Indian Bustard, Egyptian vulture, Asiat ...

Sep 25, 2021 19:28 IST · 1 min read

Environment and Ecology Overview

1) Environment Environment means anything that surround us, it includes animals, plants, soil, water and other living (biotic) and non- ...

Sep 04, 2021 04:31 IST · 7 min read

Turtle conservation in India (Olive Ridley, Green turtle, Loggerhead, Hawksbill, Leatherback)

World Turtle Day is observed on 23rd May to increase attention on conservation of Turtles and Tortoises, the theme for the World Turtle Day 202 ...

Jun 17, 2021 14:29 IST · 2 min read

Protected areas in India (National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries and Biosphere Reserves)

Protected Areas in India India has a network of 868 Protected Areas covering a total of 1,65,088 km2 of geographical area of the co ...

Apr 28, 2021 13:41 IST · 11 min read

Global Initiatives on Sustainable Development

The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), created in 1948, is an international organization working in the field of nat ...

Aug 19, 2021 22:37 IST · 4 min read

Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit (Earth Summit)

United Nations Conference on Environment and Development also known as Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit , Rio Summit, Rio Conference, and ...

Oct 14, 2020 14:51 IST · 1 min read

UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)

Established in June, 1994, in Paris (France), the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) is the sole legally bin ...

Oct 14, 2020 14:45 IST · 1 min read

What is "Wildlife Protection Act 1972" ?

Parliament enacted the Wildlife Protection Act in 1972, the act provides for state wildlife advisory boards, regulations for hunting wild an ...

Oct 13, 2020 22:46 IST · 2 min read

Environment Protection Act, 1986

In the wake of Bhopal gas tragedy 1984, the Government of India authorized the Environment Protection Act of 1986 under Article 253 of t ...

Mar 12, 2021 22:00 IST · 1 min read

Ratification of Pollutants listed under Stockholm Convention

The Cabinet has approved the ratification of seven chemicals listed under Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs). ...

Oct 10, 2020 14:11 IST · 1 min read

India's "Deep Ocean Mission" - EEZ, Continental shelf, UNCLOS and ISA

In September 2016, India signed a 15-year contract with the International Seabed Authority (ISA) for exploration of Poly-Metallic Sul ...

Jun 17, 2021 14:07 IST · 5 min read

Tiger conservation : Project Tiger

What is Project Tiger ? Project Tiger is a tiger conservation program launched in April 1973 by the Government of India to ste ...

Aug 01, 2021 16:30 IST · 3 min read

Elephant Conservation: Elephant and Elephant Corridors

Why in news ? 1) Recently, the National Green Tribunal (NGT) has directed the Odisha government to prepare an action plan for 14 identified e ...

Aug 18, 2021 12:00 IST · 3 min read