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Nuclear Power Plants in India (Operational, Under Construction & Planned)

N.K. Chauhan in Geography of India
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Sep 21, 2021 , Updated: May 08, 2022 · 4 min read

Nuclear energy is a clean, environment friendly base load source of power available 24X7.

Nuclear power is the fifth-largest source of electricity in India after coal, gas, hydroelectricity and wind power.

India has 22 nuclear reactors in operation in 7 nuclear power plants, with a total installed capacity of 7.38 GW.

10 more reactors are under construction with a combined generation capacity of 8.0 GW.

Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL) based in Mumbai is a government-owned corporation responsible for the generation of electricity through nuclear power.

NPCIL is administered by the Department of Atomic Energy, Government of India (GoI).

In India, some nuclear reactors are kept under "IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) safeguards".

The nuclear facilities are kept under IAEA safeguards if the source of Uranium is from outside the territory of India or if the new reactor plants are established with foreign collaboration.

This is to ensure that imported uranium was not diverted for military use and to assure that the imported uranium is used to generate nuclear energy for civilian purposes.

The "Tarapur Nuclear Reactor" in "Maharashtra", Western India is the oldest nuclear facility in India, having commenced commercial operations in 1969.

India is self-sufficient in the supply of Thorium - India, the United States, and Australia have particularly large reserves of thorium.

Nuclear Power Plants in India - Operational
Name Of Nuclear Power Station Location Year Capacity
Tarapur Atomic Power Station Maharashtra 1969 1,400
Rajasthan (Rawatbhata, Kota) Atomic Power Station Rajasthan 1973 1,180
(Kalpakkam) Madras Atomic Power Station Tamil Nadu 1984 440
Narora Atomic Power Station Uttar Pradesh 1991 440
Kakrapar Atomic Power Station Gujarat 1993 440
Kaiga Nuclear Power Plant Karnataka 2000 880
Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant Tamil Nadu 2013 2,000

Nuclear power plants (under construction)
Power station State Total capacity
Chennai (Kalpakkam) Tamil Nadu 500
Kakrapar Unit 4 Gujarat 700
Kaiga Karnataka 1,400
Gorakhpur Haryana 1,400
Rajasthan Unit 7 and 8 Rajasthan 1,400
Kudankulam Unit 3, 4, 5 & 6 Tamil Nadu 4,000
Total 9,400

Planned nuclear power plants in India
Power station State Total capacity
Jaitapur Maharashtra 9,900 Planned
Kovvada Andhra Pradesh 6,600 Hold
Kavali Andhra Pradesh 6000 Planned
Gorakhpur Haryana 1,400 Approved
Mahi Banswara Rajasthan 2,800 Approved
Chutka Madhya Pradesh 1,400 Approved
Chennai Tamil Nadu 1,200 Planned
Tarapur Maharashtra 300 Planned
Total 31,000

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