These current affairs are written in a easy to remember format and are useful for competitive exams like - UPSC Civil Services, UPPSC, BPSC, MPPPSC, State PSCs and other competitive examinations.
The Scheme was announced during the Prarambh: StartupIndia International Summit which marked the five-year anniversary of the Startup India initiative (2016).
It will support an estimated 3,600 entrepreneurs through 300 incubators in the next 4 years.
It is launched by the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), Ministry of Commerce and Industry with an outlay of Rs. 945 Crore.
An Experts Advisory Committee (EAC), constituted by DPIIT, will be responsible for the overall execution and monitoring of the Scheme.
Grants of upto Rs. 5 crore will be provided to the eligible incubators selected by the committee.
Seed Funding typically represents the first official money that a business venture or enterprise raises.
EligibilityA startup, recognized by DPIIT, incorporated not more than 2 years ago at the time of application.
Startups should not have received more than Rs. 10 lakh of monetary support under any other Central or State Government scheme.
Ayushman Sahakar Scheme is launched under the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, the National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) on October 19, 2020.
Ayushman Sahakar is a unique scheme to assist cooperatives to play an important role in the creation of healthcare infrastructure in the country.
Under this scheme, NCDC would extend term loans to prospective cooperatives to the tune of Rs.10,000 crore in the coming years.
Interest subvention of 1% to women majority cooperatives shall also be provided under the scheme.
This scheme is also in line with the National Health Policy, 2017.
The National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) was established by an Act of Parliament in 1963 as a statutory corporation under the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare.
Akatsuki, also known as the Venus Climate Orbiter (VCO) and Planet-C, is a Japanese (JAXA) space probe tasked to study the atmosphere of "Venus".
It was launched aboard an H-IIA 202 rocket on 20 May 2010, and failed to enter orbit around Venus on 6 December 2010.
After the craft orbited the Sun for five years, engineers successfully placed it into an alternative Venusian elliptic orbit on 7 December 2015 by firing its attitude control thrusters for 20 minutes and made it the first Asian satellite orbiting Venus.
By using five different cameras working at several wavelengths, Akatsuki is studying the stratification of the atmosphere, atmospheric dynamics, and cloud physics.
Astronomers working on the mission reported detecting a possible gravity wave (not to be confused with gravitational waves) in Venus' atmosphere in December 2015.
The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), the apex body in India for the formulation, coordination and promotion of biomedical research, is one of the oldest and largest medical research bodies in the world.
The ICMR is funded by the Government of India through the Department of Health Research, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
ICMR's 26 national institutes address themselves to research on specific health topics like tuberculosis, leprosy, cholera and diarrhoeal diseases, viral diseases including AIDS, malaria, kala-azar etc.
Its 6 regional medical research centres address themselves to regional health problems, and also aim to strengthen or generate research capabilities in different geographic areas of the country.
In 1911, the Government of India set up the Indian Research Fund Association (IRFA), it was redesignated into the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) in 1949.
The governing body of the council is presided over by the Union Health Minister.
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The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) was established by the Government of India in September 1942 as an autonomous body that has emerged as the largest research and development organisation in India.
As of 2013, it runs 38 laboratories/institutes, 39 outreach centres, 3 Innovation Centres and 5 units throughout the nation, with a collective staff of over 14,000, including a total of 4,600 scientists and 8,000 technical and support personnel.
Although it is mainly funded by the Ministry of Science and Technology, it operates as an autonomous body through the Societies Registration Act, 1860.
The research and development activities of CSIR include aerospace engineering, structural engineering, ocean sciences, life sciences, metallurgy, chemicals, mining, food, petroleum, leather, and environmental science.
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Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)
The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is an autonomous body responsible for co-ordinating agricultural education and research in India.
It reports to the Department of Agricultural Research and Education, Ministry of Agriculture.
The Union Minister of Agriculture serves as its president.
It is the largest network of agricultural research and education institutes in the world.
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