Major Plateaus of the World with Location

A plateau is an elevated area with a more or less levelled land on its top. It has a large area on its top and a steep slope on its sides.

The plateaus cover about 18% of the earth's land surface and also called as high plains or tablelands.

Valleys form when river water cuts through the plateau. The Columbia Plateau, between the Cascade and Rocky mountains in the northwestern United States, is cut through by the Columbia River.

Plateau are rich in mineral deposits, Iron ore and coal often are found in their outliers.

Name of Plateau Location Notes
Tibetan Plateau Central Asia Average Height: 5 km above sea level. "Roof of the World", largest and highest
Columbia - Snake Plateau Washington, Oregon, and Idaho (USA) -
Pamir Plateau Tajikistan -
Colorado Plateau Southwestern part of USA -
Deccan Plateau India volcanic basalt beds
Kimberley Plateau Western Australia volcanic, mineral deposits
Katanga Plateau (Shaba) Democratic Republic of the "Congo" copper and uranium deposits
Kerguelen Plateau South-west of Australia, Indian Ocean largest 'undersea' plateau
Mascarene Plateau North-east of Madagascar, Indian Ocean second largest 'undersea' plateau
Laurentian Plateau (Canadian Shield) Canada igneous and high-grade metamorphic rocks, iron-ore
Mexican Plateau Mexico world's biggest silver mine i.e. "Chihuahua"
Patagonian Plateau Argentina desert, sheep rearing
Altiplano Plateau (Collao or Andean Plateau) West-central South America - Bolivia, Peru, Chile 'tin' reserves
Massif Central France grapes cultivation
Anatolian Plateau (Asia Minor) Turkey Angora goats
Iberian Plateau (Meseta Central) Spain best quality iron
Loess Plateau (Huangtu Plateau) China highly erodible soil
Pothohar Plateau Pakistan -
Bavarian Plateau (Alpine Foreland) Germany variety of landforms
Ahaggar Plateau (Hoggar) Algeria black volcanic (basalt)