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Major Local Winds around the World
Local winds result from air moving between small low and high pressure systems.
They are more localized in their extent and covers limited horizontal and vertical dimensions.
However, some of the local winds can have very large dimensions like, Northers of North America, which originate in Arctic Canada and reach as south as the Gulf of Mexico.
The local wind is known with different names in different regions across the world.
The table below mentions the list of names of local winds:
|Chinook (Snow eaters)||The Rockies (North America)|
|Foehn||The Alps (Europe)|
|Siroco||Sahara to the Mediterranean Sea|
|Solano||Sahara to the Iberian Peninsula|
|Harmattan (Guinea Doctor)||West Africa|
|Bora||Adriatic Sea - Hungary to North Italy|
|Mistral||The Alps and France|
|Punas||The western side of Andes Mountain (South America)|
|Tramontane||Alps to the Mediterranean, similar to Mistral|
|Simoom||Sahara, Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Iraq, Syria and Arabia|
|Sirocco||Africa to southern Europe|
|Black roller||North America|
|Shamal||Iraq and the Persian Gulf|
|Santa Ana||South California|
|Karaburun (black storm)||Central Asia|
|Calima||Saharan Air Layer across the Canary Islands|
|Sukhovey||Kazakhstan, Caspian Sea|
|Barguzin||Lake Baikal, Russia|
|Pampero||Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay and Bolivia|
|Alize||Central Africa and the Caribbean|
|Kalbaishakhi||India and Bangladesh|
|Kali Andhi (Andhi)||Indo-Gangetic Plain|
|Mango showers||Karnataka, Kerela, Tamil Nadu|