Home General Studies Ancient History of India
Important Dynasties and Kingdoms of India (Founder & Capital)
India has a very interesting history which has witnessed the rise and fall of various dynasties. Here is a list of Important Dynasties and Kingdoms of India, their Founder and Capital.
|Rajgir (Girivraja), Patliputra||Bimbisara (F), Ajatashatru and Udayin .. Nagasaka (L)||The 1st Buddhist Council
Udayin laid the foundation of the city of Pataliputra and made it capital for the first time.
|Rajgir||Shishunaga (F) and Kakavarna Kalasoka .. Mahanandin (L)||Destruction of Avanti and the 2nd Buddhist Council|
|Pataliputra||Mahapadma Nanda (F), Dhanananda (L)||Alexander invaded India, Dhanananda was contemporary of Alexander.|
|Pataliputra||Chandragupta Maurya (F), Bindusara, Ashoka .. Brihadratha (L)||Defeated the invasion led by Seleucus Nikator, a 3rd Buddhist council|
|Pataliputra later Vidisha||Pushyamitra shunga (F), Agnimitra, Bhagabhadra and Devbhuti (L)||-|
(73 -26 BCE)
|Pataliputra||Vasudeva Kanva (F), Bhumimitra, Narayana and Susharman (L)||ruled after "Shunga" dynasty|
(271 BC-220 BC)
|Pratistanapuram, Amaravathi||Simuka (F), Gautamiputra Satakarni (Ekabrahmana), Yajna Sri Satakarni (L)||Issued coins made up of lead, copper, and bronze (no gold)
"Gautamiputra Satakarni" is considered as "protector of Varna System"
"most powerful" after Mauryas
(150 BCE-400 CE)
|Sigal, Taxila, Mathura||Rudradaman, Vikramaditya||Rudradaman repaired Sudarsan Lake, Junagarh inscription (Rudradaman)|
|Kadphises (F), Kanishka I, Huvishka, Vasudeva I, Vasishka, Kipu Nanda (L)||Issued gold coins regularly (Kadphises was 1st to issue),
largest number of copper coins in north India,
buddha is depicted on Kanishka's coins,
4th Buddhist council
Tamil Nadu and Southern region
|Korakai, Madurai, Tenkasi, Tirunelveli||Koon Pandiyan(south Pandya)
Kadunkoen(Central Pandya), Nedujadaiyan, Jatavarman Parakrama Pandyan (L)
|Trade with roman empire and sent embassies to Emperor Augustus|
(3rd century BCE-12th century CE)
Kongunadu and Kerala
|Mahodayapuram, Quilon, Karuvur||Vanavaramban (F), Perumchottu Uthiyan Cheralathan, Cheraman Kudako Ilancheral Irumporai||Foreign trade|
(300s BC-1279 CE)
Northeast of Pandya Kingdom
|Poompuhar (F), Urayur, Tiruvarur, Pazhaiyaarai, Thanjavur, Gangaikonda Cholapuram||Vijayalaya , Rajaraja Chola I, Rajendra Chola I, Rajadhiraja Chola, Virarajendra Chola and Kulothunga Chola I, Rajendra Chola III (L)||Annexed Sri Lanka|
|Pataliputra||Sri Gupta (F), . . . Ramagupta, Samudragupta (Napoleon of India),
Chandragupta II "Vikramaditya" (Devagupta or Param Bhagvata),
Kumaragupta, Skandagupta . . .Vishnu Gupta (L)
|issued gold (dinar) & silver (rupaka) coins|
(3rd and 4th centuries CE)
|Saketa, Ayodhya||Ikshavaku (F), Kusha, Nala II
||Executed the Manusmriti, Kosala kingdom to the banks of Sarayu river|
|Kanchipuram||Bappadevan, Mahendravarman I and Narasimhavarman I, Aparajita Varman||Visit of Chinese traveller Hiuen Tsang|
|Chalukya (Deccan Chalukyas)
|Badami||Pulakeshin I, Pulakesin II, Vikramaditya II, Kriti Varman||Art and architecture flourished in South India|
Central and West India
|Manyakheta||Danti Durga (F), Indra IV (L)||Indra IV|
Emperor Vikramaditya of Ujjain started Vikram Samvat in 57 BC.
Earlier scholars believed that Kanishka ascended the Kushan throne in 78 AD, and that this date was used as the beginning of the Saka calendar era (Saka Samvat).
Sarnath Buddhist image inscription of "Kanishka" happened during 81 AD
Some of the scholars in the Court of Kanishka were Parsva, Vasumitra, Asvaghosa, Charaka, Nagarjuna and Mathara.
Vasumitra was a scholar in his court who headed the 4th Buddhist Council.
The famous Rabatak Inscription written on a rock in the Bactrian language and the Greek script presents valuable information on Kanishka.
The Kushans loosely ruled a territory that extended to the Aral Sea through present-day Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, and Pakistan into northern India.
School of Gandhara (Indo-Greek) art flourished during the reign of the Kushan Dynasty, under the rule of emperor Kanishka from 1st century BCE to the 4th century CE.
The first Persian ruler who occupied part of Indian territory was Cyrus.
The "Matsya Purana" mentions that the Andhra dynasty (Satavahana) ruled for around 450 years.
Kharavela (Chedi Dynasty) was a Jain king of Kalinga in present-day Odisha, India, who ruled during the second or first century BCE. The primary source for Kharavela is his rock-cut Hathigumpha inscription (Odisha).
· · ·Pravarasena I was the real founder of Vakataka empire, he performed four Asvamedha Yajnas.
The Allahabad pillar is erected by "Ashoka", while it is one of the few extant pillars that carry Ashokan edicts, it is particularly notable for containing later inscriptions attributed to the Gupta emperor Samudragupta (4th century CE).
Prayag Prashasti (Allahabad pillar) is a pillar inscription of Samudragupta found at Allahabad and written in Sanskrit.
Allahabad pillar also contains inscriptions by the Mughal emperor "Jahangir", from the 17th century.
The Hephthalites, known as the Hunas in India kept on invading India until the Gupta ruler Skandagupta repulsed them - from Bitari Pillar.
The Gupta king who had to face the first Huna invasion was Kumaragupta I.
Chandragupta II is known as 'Shaka-Conquerer' referred to as a man of culture.
Sushruta is known for his work on medicine during the Gupta period. Sushruta was the first Indian surgeon of 600 century BC.
Kalidasa was one of the "nine gems" at the court of the fabulous king Chandragupta II.
Chandragupta 1, the son of Ghatotkacha was the first Gupta king to issue gold coins.
Gupta Samvat was started in 319 AD, by Chandragupta I.
Gradual decline of towns was an important feature of the - Gupta period.
The land revenue rate in religious books is 1/6 of the produce.
The land during Gupta period was categorized into several groups such as Kshetra (cultivable land), Khila (wasteland), Aprahata (jungle or forest land), Vasti (habitable land) and Gapata Sarah (Pasture land).
The Samkhya system is attributed to Kapila - it is closely associated with Yoga and forms a part of the philosophical background of the Gita.
Yoga-darsana, codified in the work of Patanjali (contemporary of "Pushyamitra Sunga") consists of Yoga Sutras.
The best-known philosopher of the Navya-Nyaya, and the founder of the modern school of Indian logic, was Gangesha (13th century).
The founder of the Nyaya Darshana was Akshapada Gautama.
The "Purva Mimansa" was postulated by Jamini. Related MCQs