Here is a list of most important species in news for UPSC, UPPSC and other State PSCs Prelims 2021 - The Great Indian Bustard, Egyptian vulture, Asiatic Lion, Pangolin etc.
|Name||IUCN Red List
||Wildlife Protection Act, 1972||Details|
India (Critically Endangered)
|Appendix I||Schedule I||Medium-sized wild cat native to Africa, Middle East, Central Asia, and South Asia including India.|
|The Great Indian Bustard||Critically Endangered||Appendix I||Schedule I||It is one of the heaviest flying birds (weighing up to 15kgs).
They inhabit dry grasslands and scrublands on the Indian subcontinent.
|Himalayan brown bear||Critically Endangered||Appendix I||Schedule I|
Red headed Vultures
|Critically Endangered||Appendix II||Out of 23 species of vultures in the world, nine are found in India.|
|Egyptian vulture||Endangered||Appendix II|
|Near Threatened||Appendix II|
|Griffon Vulture||Least Concern||Appendix II|
|Kolar Leaf Nosed Bat||Critically Endangered||Karnataka Government has notified the 30 acres around the caves as a protected area.|
|Mugger or Marsh Crocodile||Vulnerable||Appendix I||It is a freshwater crocodile native to southern Iran to the Indian subcontinent.
It is extinct in Bhutan and Myanmar.
|Estuarine or Saltwater Crocodile||Least Concern||It is found throughout the east coast of India, Southeast Asia, and northern Australia.|
|Gharial||Critically Endangered||Appendix I||Schedule I||It was once found across Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan. However, currently, it survives in several severely fragmented populations in India and Nepal.|
|African Forest elephants||Critically Endangered||African elephants are the largest land animals on Earth.|
|Savanna (or bush) elephants||Endangered|
|Asian elephant||Endangered||Appendix I||Schedule I||There are three subspecies of Asian elephants ? the Indian, Sumatran, and Sri Lankan.|
|Asiatic Lion||Endangered||Appendix I||Schedule I||There are only several hundred Asiatic lions in the wild, and they only live in the Gir Forest, India.|
Chinese Pangolin- Critically Endangered
|Schedule I||Out of the eight species of pangolin, the Indian Pangolin and the Chinese Pangolin are found in India|
|Gangetic River Dolphin||Endangered||Appendix I||Schedule I||The distribution range of the Ganges river dolphins in India covers seven states namely, Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal.
The Government of India has recognised them as National Aquatic Animal and is the official animal of the Indian city of Guwahati.
|Himalayan Trillium||Endangered||It is a common herb of the Himalayas. It is often locally called as Nagchatri.|
|Black Necked Crane||Near Threatened||Appendix I||Schedule I||The black-necked crane is endemic to the Tibetan Plateau.|
|Malayan Giant Squirrel||Near Threatened||Appendix II||Schedule I|
|Himalayan Serow||Vulnerable||Appendix I||Schedule I|
|Fishing Cat||Vulnerable||Appendix II||Schedule I|
|Giant Leatherback Turtle||Vulnerable||Schedule I|
|Indian Star Tortoises||Vulnerable||Appendix I||Schedule IV|
|Houbara Bustard||Vulnerable||Appendix I|
|Indian Leopard||Vulnerable||Appendix I||Schedule I|
|Hedgehog||Least Concern||Schedule IV|
|Mandarin Ducks||Least Concern||Most beautiful duck in the world.
Its habitats include temperate forests near wetlands including rivers, streams, bogs, marshes, swamps, and freshwater lakes.
|House Sparrow||Least Concern||Schedule IV|