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Most important Species in News : Environment | Prelims 2021

news-details Image Source Sep 25, 2021 19:28 IST · 1 min read

Here is a list of most important species in news for UPSC, UPPSC and other State PSCs Prelims 2021 - The Great Indian Bustard, Egyptian vulture, Asiatic Lion, Pangolin etc.

Name IUCN Red List
CITES Listing
Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 Details
Caracal Least Concern,
India (Critically Endangered)
Appendix I Schedule I Medium-sized wild cat native to Africa, Middle East, Central Asia, and South Asia including India.
The Great Indian Bustard Critically Endangered Appendix I Schedule I It is one of the heaviest flying birds (weighing up to 15kgs).
They inhabit dry grasslands and scrublands on the Indian subcontinent.
Himalayan brown bear Critically Endangered Appendix I Schedule I
White rumped,
Slender billed,
Long billed,

Red headed Vultures
Critically Endangered Appendix II Out of 23 species of vultures in the world, nine are found in India.
Egyptian vulture Endangered Appendix II
Himalayan Griffon,
Bearded vulture
Near Threatened Appendix II
Griffon Vulture Least Concern Appendix II
Kolar Leaf Nosed Bat Critically Endangered Karnataka Government has notified the 30 acres around the caves as a protected area.
Mugger or Marsh Crocodile Vulnerable Appendix I It is a freshwater crocodile native to southern Iran to the Indian subcontinent.
It is extinct in Bhutan and Myanmar.
Estuarine or Saltwater Crocodile Least Concern It is found throughout the east coast of India, Southeast Asia, and northern Australia.
Gharial Critically Endangered Appendix I Schedule I It was once found across Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan. However, currently, it survives in several severely fragmented populations in India and Nepal.
African Forest elephants Critically Endangered African elephants are the largest land animals on Earth.
Savanna (or bush) elephants Endangered
Asian elephant Endangered Appendix I Schedule I There are three subspecies of Asian elephants ? the Indian, Sumatran, and Sri Lankan.
Tiger Endangered Appendix I
Asiatic Lion Endangered Appendix I Schedule I There are only several hundred Asiatic lions in the wild, and they only live in the Gir Forest, India.
Pangolin India- Endangered,
Chinese Pangolin- Critically Endangered
Schedule I Out of the eight species of pangolin, the Indian Pangolin and the Chinese Pangolin are found in India
Gangetic River Dolphin Endangered Appendix I Schedule I The distribution range of the Ganges river dolphins in India covers seven states namely, Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal.
The Government of India has recognised them as National Aquatic Animal and is the official animal of the Indian city of Guwahati.
Himalayan Trillium Endangered It is a common herb of the Himalayas. It is often locally called as Nagchatri.
Black Necked Crane Near Threatened Appendix I Schedule I The black-necked crane is endemic to the Tibetan Plateau.
Malayan Giant Squirrel Near Threatened Appendix II Schedule I
Himalayan Serow Vulnerable Appendix I Schedule I
Fishing Cat Vulnerable Appendix II Schedule I
Giant Leatherback Turtle Vulnerable Schedule I
Indian Star Tortoises Vulnerable Appendix I Schedule IV
Houbara Bustard Vulnerable Appendix I
Indian Leopard Vulnerable Appendix I Schedule I
Himalayan Viagra Vulnerable
Hedgehog Least Concern Schedule IV
Mandarin Ducks Least Concern Most beautiful duck in the world.
Its habitats include temperate forests near wetlands including rivers, streams, bogs, marshes, swamps, and freshwater lakes.
House Sparrow Least Concern Schedule IV

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