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Distribution of Major Industries in India

N.K. Chauhan in Geography of India
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Apr 19, 2022 , Updated: Apr 19, 2022 · 8 min read

The major industries in the Indian Economy are Iron & Steel, Textiles, Jute, Sugar, Cement, Paper, Petrochemical, Automobile, Information Technology (IT), and Banking & Insurance.

Steel Industry

Most of the iron and steel plants of India such as Jamshedpur, Burnpur, Durgapur are located in Jharkhand, West Bengal, Orissa and Chhattisgarh.

These states are very rich in coal and iron ore deposits and are important producers of these materials.

Visveswaraya Iron and Steel Works at Bhadravati, Karnataka is a major exception which is located far away from the main coal-producing areas of the country.

The other raw materials used in this industry are manganese, limestone, dolomite, chromite, silica, etc.

Stainless steel is a corrosion-resistant alloy of iron, chromium and, in some cases, nickel and other metals.

Steel Plant Location Operator
Alloy Steel Plant Durgapur, West Bengal SAIL
Bhilai Steel Plant Bhilai, Chhattisgarh SAIL (Russia Collaboration)
Bokaro Steel Plant Bokaro, Jharkhand SAIL (Russia Collaboration)
Chandrapur Ferro Alloy Plant Chandrapur, Maharashtra SAIL
Durgapur Steel Plant Durgapur, West Bengal SAIL
Essar Steel India Limited Hazira, Gujarat ArcelorMittal
IISCO Steel Plant Asansol, West Bengal SAIL
Jindal Steel and Power Limited Raigarh, Chhattisgarh Jindal Steel and Power
Jindal Steel and Power Limited Angul, Odisha Jindal Steel and Power
JSW Steel Hospet, Bellary, Karnataka JSW Steel
JSW Steel Tarapur, Boisar, Maharashtra JSW Steel
JSW Steel Dharamtar, Maharashtra JSW Steel
Rourkela Steel Plant Rourkela, Odisha SAIL, Gets Iron from Keonjhar
Salem Steel Plant Salem, Tamil Nadu SAIL
Tata Steel Limited (TISCO) Jamshedpur (Tatanagar), Jharkhand Tata Steel
Tata Steel Limited (TISCO) Kalinganagar, Odisha Tata Steel
Visakhapatnam Steel Plant Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Limited
Visvesvaraya Iron and Steel Plant Bhadravati, Karnataka SAIL, Far from Coal

Aluminium Industry

Aluminium is the 2nd most important industry after the iron and steel industry.

The plant for obtaining Alumina from bauxite ore for aluminium plants is located near the cheap sources of energy i.e., electricity & hydel power supply.

For producing 1 tonne of aluminium, 6 tonnes of bauxite is required.

Aluminium smelting is the process of extracting aluminium from its oxide, alumina, generally by the Hall-Heroult process. Alumina is extracted from the ore bauxite by means of the Bayer process at an alumina refinery.

The industry is power intensive as 30 to 35% of cost of production is accounted for by power.

Bauxite mining sites in India are: Orissa, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh & Madhya Pradesh.

Plant Company Location
Korba Bharat Aluminium Co (BALCO) Chhattisgarh
Alupuram Hindustan Aluminium Co. (HINDALCO) Kerala
Renukoot Hindustan Aluminium Co. (HINDALCO) Uttar Pradesh
Mettur Madras Aluminium (MALCO) Tamil Nadu
Hirakud Hindustan Aluminium Co. (HINDALCO) Odisha
Angul (Koraput) National Aluminium Co. (NALCO) Odisha
Jharsuguda Vedanta Aluminium Co. (VAL) Odisha

Cement Industry

India is the second largest producer of cement in the world.

Of the total 210 large cement plants in India, 77 are located in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Tamil Nadu.

Textiles Industry

India's textiles sector is one of the oldest industries in the Indian economy dating back several centuries.

India is the world’s second-largest exporter of textiles and clothing.

The first cotton textile mill in India was established at Fort Glastor (West Bengal) near Kolkata in 1818 .

Oil refining

India imports crude oil from a number of West Asian countries.

In order to refine crude oil, several oil refineries have been set up in different parts of the country.

The oldest refinery is Digboi in Assam.

• • •

Centre Industry
Kankinara (West Bengal) Jute
Virudhnagar (Tamil Nadu) Cotton
Channapatna (Karnataka) Silk
Bhadohi (Uttar Pradesh) Carpet
Barabanki (UP) Polyfibres
Aonla (UP) Fertilizers
Modinagar (UP) Rubber
Kanpur (UP) Explosives
Varanasi (UP) Diesel Locomotive
Raebareli (UP) Telephone
Mathura (UP) Oil Refinery
Chunnar (UP) Cement
Dalmianagar (Bihar) Cement
Bhopal (MP) Pesticide
Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh) Ship
Muri (Jharkhand) Aluminium
Gurgaon (Haryana) Automobile
Panki (UP) Fertilizers
Porbandar (Gujarat) Cement
Nagthane (Maharashtra) Petro
Rourkela (Kerala) Iron & Steel
Panjim (Goa) Rubber
Ramagundan (Tamilnadu) Fertilizers
Chittaranjan (West Bengal) Locomotive
Korba (Jharkhand) Aluminium
Pipri (UP) Hydroelectricity
Nepanagar Paper
Narora Atomic Power
Sindri (Jharkhand) Fertilizers
Brijraj Nagar (Odisha) Paper
Kaimur Cement
Haldia (West Bengal) Petrochemicals
Phulpur (UP) Fertilizers
Mysore Silk
Jawahar Nagar (Gujarat) Petrochemicals
Talcher (Odisha) Fertilizers
Rishikesh Pharmaceuticals
Ludhiana Hosiery
Titagarh Paper
Lakheri Cement
Jamshedpur Iron & Steel
Bhilai Iron & Steel
Ambala Oil Refinery
Bangaluru Aircraft
Malikhand Copper
J.K. Nager Aluminium
Malanjkhand (MP) Copper
Tundoo Zinc
Bhatpara Jute
Sriganganagar Fertilizers
Jaipur Glass
Udaipur Cement
Kota Synthetic Silk
Jamnagar (Gujarat) Petrochemicals
Kankinada Jute
Virudhnagar Cotton
Channapatna Silk
Bhadohi Carpet
Pithampur (MP) Automobile

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