Home Daily Current Affairs Jul 27, 2021

Jul 27, 2021: Current affairs for UPSC/State PSC

This section contains daily current affairs taken from all major news papers and magazines like - The Hindu, Indian Express, PIB, Live Mint, RSTV etc.

These current affairs are written in a easy to remember format and are useful for competitive exams like - UPSC Civil Services, UPPSC, BPSC, MPPPSC, State PSCs and other competitive examinations.

India in top 10 list of agri produce exporters

According to a World Trade Organization (WTO) report on the trends in world agricultural trade in the past 25 years - India (9th) broke into the top 10 list of agricultural produce exporters in 2019 with a sizeable share in the export of rice, cotton, soya beans and meat.

India is also the third-largest cotton exporter (7.6%), and the fourth-largest importer (10%) in 2019.

In the largest traded agri product, soya beans, India (0.1%) has a meagre share, but was ranked ninth in the world.

In the "meat and edible meat offal" category, India was ranked eighth in the world with a 4% share in global trade.

European Union (1st), USA (2nd), Brazil (3rd)

Gov. Schemes

Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram

The Central Government renamed and restructured Multi-sectoral Development Programme (MsDP) as Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram (PMJVK).

The programme aims to develop socio-economic and basic amenities assets like school, college, polytechnic, girls hostel, ITI, skill development centre etc for the minority communities.

Earlier only those Cluster of Villages which were having at least 50% population of Minority Community was taken. The population criteria have been lowered to 25% for inclusive growth.

80% of the resources under the PMJVK would be earmarked for projects related to education, health and skill development.

33 to 40% of resources under the PMJVK would be specifically allocated for women centric projects.

The communities notified as minority communities under Section 2 (c) of the National Commission for Minorities Act, 1992 would be taken as Minority Communities.

At present 6 communities namely Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, Zoroastrians (Parsis) and Jains have been notified as Minority Communities.

Gov. Schemes

Kandla becomes India's first Green SEZ

Kandla SEZ (KASEZ), Gujarat was awarded Indian Green Building Council (IGBC) Platinum Rating today.

KASEZ is the First Green SEZ to achieve the IGBC Green Cities Platinum Rating for Existing Cities.

IGBC Platinum rating has been awarded for Green master planning, policy initiatives and implementation of green infrastructure by Confederation of Indian Industry (CII)'s Indian Green Building Council (IGBC).

The SEZ has increased its green cover and managed to grow 68 species of trees and attract 28 varieties of birds on a piece of land that was once a salt pan with almost no vegetation.

Most of these trees have been planted post 2019, using the Miyawaki forestation method.


Jupiter's X-Ray Auroras

Jupiter has Auroras near both its poles, Jupiter's Auroras emit X-rays.

Scientists knew that Auroras are caused by ions crashing into Jupiter's atmosphere but now they know how the X-Ray causing ions enter the atmosphere of the planet.

Ions responsible for X-ray emissions are 'surfing' the electromagnetic waves in Jupiter's magnetic field to enter the planet's atmosphere.

NASA combined data from its Juno mission and European Space Agency's XMM-Newton mission.

Science & Tech

2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26)

The 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) is scheduled to be held in the city of Glasgow (Scotland)from 31 October to 12 November 2021 under the presidency of the United Kingdom.

The conference is set to incorporate the 26th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the 16th meeting of the parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP16), and the third meeting of the parties to the Paris Agreement (COP21).

This conference is the first time that Parties are expected to commit to enhanced ambition since COP21. Parties are required to carry out every five years, as outlined in the Paris Agreement, a process colloquially known as the 'ratchet mechanism'.