Home Daily Current Affairs Jul 20, 2021

Jul 20, 2021: Current affairs for UPSC/State PSC

This section contains daily current affairs taken from all major news papers and magazines like - The Hindu, Indian Express, PIB, Live Mint, RSTV etc.

These current affairs are written in a easy to remember format and are useful for competitive exams like - UPSC Civil Services, UPPSC, BPSC, MPPPSC, State PSCs and other competitive examinations.

Article 311 of the Constitution

Lt Governor Manoj Sinha has dismissed 11 Jammu and Kashmir government employees for alleged terror links under provisions of Article 311(2)(c) of the Constitution.

Article 311 of the Constitution deals with Dismissal, removal or reduction in rank of persons employed in civil capacities under the Union or a State.

Under Article 311(2), no civil servant can be "dismissed or removed or reduced in rank except after an inquiry in which he has been informed of the charges and given a reasonable opportunity of being heard in respect of those charges".

Subsection (c) of the provision, however, says this clause shall not apply "where the President or the Governor, as the case may be, is satisfied that in the interest of the security of the State it is not expedient to hold such inquiry?.

The only available remedy to a terminated employees is to challenge the government's decision in the High Court.


Nagarjuna Sagar Dam

Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is a masonry dam across the Krishna River which straddles the border between Telangana and Andhra Pradesh.

It is jointly operated by Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.

Nagarjuna Sagar Dam was the earliest in a series of large infrastructure projects termed as "modern temples" initiated for achieving the Green Revolution in India.

It is also one of the earliest multi-purpose irrigation and hydroelectric projects in India.


Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP)

Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) is a State sector scheme formulated to bridge the funding gap and provide urgent finance to States for repair and maintenance of Dams.

The scheme closed on 31st March, 2021.

It facilitated loans from World Bank to participating states when they agreed to terms and conditions of the lending agency.

Next phase of DRIP i.e. DRIP Phase - II & III approved by Cabinet, is at an advanced preparatory stage.

Gov. Schemes

Indian Roads Congress

Roads Congress (IRC) has formulated guidelines for the use of waste plastic in hot bituminous mixes for wearing courses. So far, 703 km length of NHs have been constructed using waste plastic in wearing course in the country.

Bituminous coal or black coal is a relatively soft coal containing a tarlike substance called bitumen or asphalt.

The Indian Roads Congress (IRC) is the Apex Body of Highway Engineers in the country.

The IRC was set up in December, 1934 on the recommendations of the ndian Road Development Committee best known as Jayakar Committee set up by the Govt. of India with the objective of Road Development in India.

When the activities of the IRC expanded, IRC was formally registered as a society on 24th September 1937 under the Societies Registration Act of 1860.

Social Issues

What is "NISHTHA " scheme ?

The Union Human Resource Development Minister had launched NISHTHA in August, 2019, a national mission to improve learning outcomes at the elementary level.

National Initiative for School Heads and Teachers Holistic Advancement (NISHTHA) is the largest teachers' training programme of its kind in the world.

It aims to motivate and equip teachers to encourage and foster critical thinking in students.

A Mobile App and Learning Management System (LMS) based on MOODLE (Modular Object-Oriented Dynamic Learning Environment) have been developed by NCERT.

National Education Society for Tribal Students (NESTS) has collaborated with NCERT for conduct of NISHTHA Capacity Building Program for EMRS (eklavya model residential school) teachers and Principals.

Gov. Schemes

Jeff Bezos became second billionaire to visit space

The Amazon's founder Jeff Bezos became the second billionaire in just over a week to ride on his rocket company Blue Origin's spacecraft.

Blue Origin's New Shepard rocket soared from remote West Texas on the 52nd anniversary of the Apollo 11 moon landing.

Unlike Mr Branson's piloted rocket plane, Mr Bezos' capsule was completely automated and required no official staff on board for the anticipated 10-minute, up-and-down flight.

Virgin Galactic's Richard Branson pushed up his own flight from New Mexico in the race for space tourist dollars and beat him to space by nine days.

SpaceX's Elon Musk is skipping brief space hops and sending his private clients straight to orbit for tens of millions apiece, with the first flight coming up in September.

Only one person can lay claim to being first in space: Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, who rocketed into orbit on April 12, 1961.

New Shephard has been named after astronaut Alan Shephard, the first American to go to space.

Social Issues