Home Daily Current Affairs Apr 08, 2021

Apr 08, 2021: Current affairs for UPSC/State PSC

This section contains daily current affairs taken from all major news papers and magazines like - The Hindu, Indian Express, PIB, Live Mint, RSTV etc.

These current affairs are written in a easy to remember format and are useful for competitive exams like - UPSC Civil Services, UPPSC, BPSC, MPPPSC, State PSCs and other competitive examinations.

Film Certificate Appellate Tribunal (FCAT)

The Tribunals Reforms (Rationalisation And Conditions Of Service) Ordinance, 2021, amends the Cinematograph Act, 1952 to abolished the Film Certificate Appellate Tribunal (FCAT).

The filmmakers will now have to approach the High Court whenever they want to challenge a CBFC certification, or lack of it.

FCAT was a statutory body constituted to hear appeals by applicants aggrieved by the decision of the Central Board of Film Certification (CBFC).

The Tribunal was headquartered in New Delhi and headed by a chairperson and had four other members, including a Secretary appointed by the Government of India.

CBFC consists of a Chairperson and 23 members, all appointed by the Government of India, certifies films under four categories: U, U/A, A and S.

Social Issues

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)

The government has asked the SC to close the criminal trials pending in India against two Italian marines accused of killing two fishermen off the coast of Kerala in 2012.

The government had explained that India is bound by the award of the arbitral tribunal formed under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).

The award is final and without appeal as India is a party to the UN Convention.

Read More:UNCLOS

International Relations

Government Securities Acquisition Programme (G-SAP)

RBI will purchase government securities worth Rs 1 lakh crore in the first quarter of FY22 through Government Securities Acquisition Programme (G-SAP).

A structured purchase program of similar size such as this will definitely calm investors nerves and help market participants to bid better in scheduled auctions and reduce volatility in bond prices.

Open market operations is the sale and purchase of government securities and treasury bills by RBI or the central bank of the country. The objective of OMO is to regulate the money supply in the economy.


IMPRINT India programme

IIT Delhi researchers have developed a handheld Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS) based platform for early diagnosis of dengue and also gives dengue test results within one hour.

Conventional diagnostic tools like nucleic acid detection using Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) is a time-taking process and it also requires expensive equipment and reagents for the diagnosis of dengue.

The research work was funded by IMPRINT India programme of the Ministry of Education.

IMPRINT India Programme is joint initiative of IITs and IISc. It seeks to develop road map for research to solve major engineering and technology challenges in 10 technology domains relevant for country.

The Ministry of Education has sanctioned Rs. 1000 crore for phase II of Impacting Research Innovation and Technology (IMPRINT) India programme to boost research and innovation in the country.

Under IMPRINT-I Programme, 142 projects at cost of Rs. 318.71 crore are already under implementation.

Gov. Schemes

Net-zero or carbon-neutrality

US is widely expected to commit itself to a net-zero emission target for 2050 at the upcoming virtual Climate Leaders' Summit.

Carbon neutrality refers to achieving net-zero carbon dioxide emissions by balancing emissions of carbon dioxide with its removal (carbon offsetting) or by eliminating emissions from society.

India is the only one opposing this target because, India's emissions are likely to grow at the fastest pace in the world in next two to three decades.

Read More: Carbon-neutrality


Madhu Kranti Portal

The "Madhu Kranti Portal" is an initiative of the National Bee Board, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare under the National Beekeeping and Honey Mission.

The portal aims to reduce if not totally end the Adulteration of Honey and give a platform for the Beekeepers to market their products through Honey corners after Branding.

Gov. Schemes

What is "Anamaya" ?

Anamaya is a tribal health collaborative supported by Piramal Foundation and Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF).

The initiative is committed to ending preventable deaths in the tribal communities.

Social Issues