These current affairs are written in a easy to remember format and are useful for competitive exams like - UPSC Civil Services, UPPSC, BPSC, MPPPSC, State PSCs and other competitive examinations.
Recently, Hurricane Ida made landfall in Louisiana, US. It is an extremely dangerous Category 4 storm and one of the most powerful storms ever to hit the US.
Hurricanes are the biggest and most violent storms on the planet.
Tropical cyclones or hurricanes use warm, moist air as fuel, and therefore form over warm Equatorial water.
Names in Different Regions of the World:
Typhoons: Tropical cyclones are known as Typhoons in the China Sea and Pacific Ocean.
Hurricanes: In the West Indian islands in the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean.
Willy-willies: In north-western Australia and
Tropical Cyclones: In the Indian Ocean Region.
Hurricanes are categorized on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale, which rates them on a scale of 1 to 5 based on wind speed. Hurricanes that reach category three or higher are classified as major hurricanes.
Teachers' Day: 5 September
In India the birthday of the second president Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (5 September) is celebrated as Teachers' Day since 1962.
Many countries celebrate their Teachers' Day on 5 October in conjunction with World Teachers' Day, which was established by UNESCO in 1994.
India witnessing a V-shaped recovery
Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation released the GDP (gross domestic product) and GVA (gross value added) data for the first quarter of the current financial year.
The government used the Year-on-Year (Y-o-Y) comparison method - which showed that the GDP grew by 20% in Q1 this year as against the Q1 last year 0 to claim that India was witnessing a V-shaped recovery.
Read More: Shapes of Economic Recovery (L, V, U, W and K-shaped)
Re-emergence of Nipah virus in Kerala
A 12-year-old boy infected with the Nipah virus died in a private hospital in Kozhikode, Kerela. The boy showed symptoms of encephalitis and myocarditis - inflammation of the brain and heart muscles respectively.
The first outbreaks of the Nipah virus (Nipah henipavirus) among humans was reported from Malaysia (1998) and Singapore (1999).
The virus takes its name from the village in Malaysia where the person in whom the virus was first isolated died of the disease.
Read More: What is the Nipah virus?
El Nino & La Nina
El Nino and La Nina, the two natural climate phenomena occurring across the tropical Pacific Ocean, influence the weather conditions all over the world.
While the El Nino period is characterised by warming or increased sea surface temperatures in the central and eastern tropical Pacific Ocean.
A La Nina event causes the water in the eastern Pacific Ocean to be colder than usual.
Together, they are called ENSO or El Nino-Southern Oscillation.
There is a growing body of research suggesting that climate change can cause extreme and more frequent El Nino and La Nina events.