Home Daily Current Affairs Aug 01, 2021

Aug 01, 2021: Current affairs for UPSC/State PSC

This section contains daily current affairs taken from all major news papers and magazines like - The Hindu, Indian Express, PIB, Live Mint, RSTV etc.

These current affairs are written in a easy to remember format and are useful for competitive exams like - UPSC Civil Services, UPPSC, BPSC, MPPPSC, State PSCs and other competitive examinations.

Digital payment solution e-RUPI

e-RUPI is a cashless and contactless instrument for digital payment.

It is a QR code or SMS string-based e-Voucher, which is delivered to the mobile of the beneficiaries.

The users of this seamless one-time payment mechanism will be able to redeem the voucher without a card, digital payments app or internet banking access, at the service provider.

Read More: UPI e-RUPI

Gov. Schemes

What is "Earth Overshoot Day" ?

Earth Overshoot Day marks the date when humanity's demand for ecological resources and services in a given year exceeds what Earth can regenerate in that year.

In 2021, it fell on July 29, according to the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF).

Humanity currently uses 74 per cent more than what the planet's ecosystems can regenerate - or 1.7 Earths.

World entered into ecological overshoot in the early 1970s.


Muslim Women Rights Day: 1st August

1st August has been recorded as "Muslim Women Rights Day" in the country's history to mark first anniversary of the passage of Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Act, 2019.

The law made triple talaq a criminal offence.

Triple talaq is a practice mainly prevalent among India's Muslim community following the Hanafi Islamic school of law.

Under the practice, a Muslim man can divorce his wife by simply uttering "talaq" three times but women cannot pronounce triple talaq and are required to move a court for getting divorce under the Sharia Act, 1937.

Triple talaq divorce is banned by many Islamic countries, including Pakistan, Bangladesh and Indonesia.

Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Act, 2019

The Act makes all declaration of talaq, including in written or electronic form, to be void (i.e. not enforceable in law) and illegal.

It also makes a declaration of talaq a cognizable offence attracting up to three years imprisonment with a fine. A cognizable offence is one for which a police officer may arrest an accused person without warrant.

The Magistrate may grant bail to the accused, but only after hearing the woman.

Woman is allowed to seek subsistence allowance from her husband for herself and for her dependent children.


Odisha plans DNA profiling for leopards

Wildlife organisation of Odisha has decided to do DNA profiling of the leopards in the state.

The exercise will help ascertain and trace the origin in case of deaths of the leopards, after the skin and other organs from poachers and traders are seized.

The system will strengthen the fight against wildlife crimes, especially poaching of leopards.


Airports Economic Regulatory Authority of India (Amendment) Bill, 2021

The Airports Economic Regulatory Authority of India (Amendment) Bill 2021 proposes to amend the definition of 'major airport' under the Airports Economic Regulatory Authority Act, 2008 (AERA Act).

The 2008 Act designates an airport as a major airport if it has annual passenger traffic of at least 35 lakh. As per the Bill, the central government may also designate any airport as a major airport by a notification.

It will allow AERA to regulate tariff and other charges for aeronautical services for not just major airport (3.5 million+ annual passenger traffic) but also a group of airports together.

The government will be able to club profitable and non-profitable airports as a combination/package to bidders to make it a viable combination for investment under PPP (Public-Private Partnership) mode.

AERA regulates tariffs and other charges (such as airport development fees) for aeronautical services rendered at major airports in India.


Commission for Air Quality Management in the NCR

The Lok Sabha passed the Bill to formalise the Commission for Air Quality Management For National Capital Region and Adjoining Areas.

The bill provides for the constitution of a commission for air quality management in NCR and adjoining areas and three sub-committees to assist the commission.

Read More: Commission for Air Quality Management in the NCR